Effect of Growing Crops and Rice Soil on Growth, Regeneration and Yield of Grass Brachiaria humidicola Grown in Central Vietnam

Full Article - PDF

Published: 2023-09-14

Page: 69-77


Bui Van Loi *

Hue University, 53000, Vietnam.

Nguyen Minh Tri

Hue University of Science, Hue University, 530000, Vietnam.

Pham Thanh

Hue University of Education, Hue University, 530000, Vietnam.

Nguyen Viet Thang

Hue University of Science, Hue University, 530000, Vietnam.

Dang Van Thuan

Tran Quang Dieu High School, Mo Duc, Quang Ngai, 53000, Vietnam.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

B. humidicola grown in Thua Thien Hue province to provide food for the buffalo and cow breeding industry. The study was designed to experiment on 2 types of soils, soil growing crop and rice soil, of which 5 land slots with an area of 30m2/plot were selected to grow the grass during the period from January 2021 to December 2022. Research results show that B. humidicola had high vitality, adaptability and growth through the rebirths of grass on the two kinds of soils, soil growing crops and rice soil in Thua Thien Hue province. The highest height of B. humidicola grass grown in the experiment was 73.66cm (batch 2) - 75.02cm (batch 1) on soil growing crops and 79.77cm (batch 3) - 81.36cm (batch 1) on rice soil. The grass lawn height was 44.79cm (batch 2) - 45.79cm (batch 1) for soil growing crops and 46.42cm (batch 3) - 47.93cm (batch 1) for rice soil. Number of branches/bush of various batches of B. humidicola was 40.05 branches/bush (batch 1) – 43.26 branches/bush (batch 3) for soil growing crops and 45.34 branches/bush (batch 2) - 48.30 branches/bush (batch 3) for rice soil. The regenerative capacity green matter yield (12.53 – 13.32 tons/ha/batch), dry matter yield (3.13 – 3.50 tons/ha/batch), protein yield (0.67 – 1.04 tons/ha/batch) of B. humidicola grass grown in Thua Thien Hue were relatively high. This is an abundant source of food for the development of buffalo and cow husbandry.

Keywords: Brachiaria humidicola, batch, soil, yield


How to Cite

Loi , B. V., Tri , N. M., Thanh , P., Thang , N. V., & Thuan , D. V. (2023). Effect of Growing Crops and Rice Soil on Growth, Regeneration and Yield of Grass Brachiaria humidicola Grown in Central Vietnam. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences, 6(1), 69–77. Retrieved from https://ikprress.org/index.php/AJAAS/article/view/8385

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Hoang Kim Giao. Beef cattle farming in Vietnam: Current status and solutions. Journal of Animal Husbandry; 2017.

Le Xuan Dong, Nguyen Thi Mui, Phan Thi Kiem. The effect of organic fertilization on the production capacity of some Brachiaria group grass varieties; 2012.

Available:http://www.trungtamqlkdg.com.vn/TTG_Res/Uploads/Acrobat/nghiencuukhoahoc/2012/B28_thucan.pdf.

Vietnam Livestock Association. Workshop on Cow breeding development in Ha Tinh; 2016.

Nguyen Thi Giang. Assessment of the waterlogging tolerance of some popular grass varieties in Central Vietnam. Master's thesis in agriculture; 2016.

Van Huu Tap. Assessment and analysis of soil environmental indicators; 2016.

Available:http://moitruongviet.edu.vn/danh-gia-va-phan-tich-cac-chi-tieu-moi-truong-dat/

Phung Thi Hang; Nguyen Khoi Nghia; Ho Thanh Tham. A survey on growth characteristics and anatomical structure of Brachiaria mutica growing under greenhouse conditions. CTU Journal of Science. 2021;57(5):205-215.

Phan Thi Hong Nhung, Duong Thi Thu Hang, Tran Thi Minh Ngoc, Nguyen Van Loc, Tang Thi Hanh, Nguyen Viet Long. Evaluation of the growth, yield and quality of some forage species at the different cutting times in Gia Lam, Hanoi. Vietnam Journal Agriculture of Science. 2020;18(8), 580-587.

Available:http://tapchi.vnua.edu.vn/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/tap-chi-so-8.1.5.pdf

Ho Van Trong, Doan Duc Lan, Vang A Me, Le Xuan Tung. Evaluating the growth and green matter yield of chine grass and Mulato II grass planed in PU Nhung commune, Tuan Giao district, Dien Bien province. Journey Science - Tay Bac University. 2021;24:50-55. Available:http://tapchi.utb.edu.vn/index.php/journalofscience/article/viewFile/347/401

Tu Quang Hien, Tran Thi Hoan, Tu Quang Trung. A study on the green matter and grass meal production performance of Stylosanthes guianensis CIAT 184 cultivated in Thai Nguyen Province. Vietnam Journal Science and Technology. 2017;19(8):8. Available:https://vjst.vn/Images/Tapchi/2017/8B/8B-23-27.pdf

Nguyen Thi Mui, Dang Dinh Hanh, Nguyen Van Loi. Experiment to build a model of seed production and green feed on the basis of expanding the area of intensive cultivation of good grass varieties for cow breeding in the Northern Midlands and mountainous areas. Scientific Reports of the Institute of Animal Husbandry. 2006;1-9.

Nguyen Anh Dung. Yield and nutritional value of Brachiaria B. humidicola grass grown in Quang Binh. Master's thesis in agriculture, University of Agriculture and Forestry, Hue University; 2017.

Hoang Van Tao, Tran Duc Vien. Production potentials and quality of some grass varieties and fodder crops for dairy cows in Nghia Dan, Nghe An. Journal of Science and Development. 2012;10(1):84-94.

Nguyen Thanh Nghi, Doan Trong Tuan, Nguyen Thi Muong. Study of the possibility of developing a set of high-quality cattle feed plant breeds in Binh Dinh; 2008.

Nguyen Thi Hong Nhan, Nguyen Van Hon, Nguyen Trong Ngu, Do Thi Thuy Dien. The effect of planting distance on growth, development and yield of Paspalum Atratum grass in flooded field conditions. Journal of Livestock Science and Technology. 2011;31:81-90.

Nguyen Xuan Ba, Nguyen Tien Van, Nguyen Huu Van, Ta Nhan Ai. Ability to produce green matter of some grass varieties in regions of Quang Tri province. Journal of Livestock Science and Technology. 2010;22: 52-59.