Published: 2021-12-23

Page: 75-83


Department of Visual Communication, Shahr-e-Qods Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.


Department of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Iran.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The image is a spatial phenomenon; Space depends on human presence, even if it is a virtual presence. In addition, the image is dependent on a medium for expression. Also, the audience's visual boundaries depend on the size of the image, the image frame, and the distance and angle it has to the image; For this reason, in the present age, the Corona period and possibly the post-Corona period, when a group of children are simultaneously reading a common image with a variety of means of mass communication - mobile phone, tablet, screen, television - , Their visual boundaries are related to the physical condition of the body and the proportion and size of the image in front of them; This is related to the type of media they have. The importance of this issue is to the extent that theorists today believe that what matters are more in the form of information received by viewers - especially children - than in the form in which they are received; And this is what completely transforms their relationship with traditional media such as books, schools and museums. In fact, using this type of communication, followed by reading the image, creates different levels of visual space and space-bound for children, which is certainly not the same for everyone. In this case, that is, the multiplicity of proportions and sizes of images, as well as the variety in children's physical states, what kind of space and space-bound do we face in visual reading? Can it be said that media genres today control the way we perceive concepts? In this article, we will try to find the answers to the questions by studying the types of space-boundaries and the role of the subject in the physical, cognitive, phenomenal and imaginative dimensions that determine place and space. Place finds an opportunity to escape when its objective, physical, and cognitive functions diminish, diminishing from the space-boundary, and moving toward space. This feature can be traced to mass media and new situations; Because the spatial image presented in the new situation is usually not their objective, physical, cognitive, or even imaginary features in the standard context, it must adapt to the structure of the medium.

Keywords: Media, mass communication, picture book, e-book, place, space

How to Cite

AGAH, M. M., & GANJI, N. (2021). THE PHENOMENON OF VISUAL SPACE-BOUND IN THE MASS MEDIA IN THE CORONA AND POST-CORONA ERAS. Asian Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Studies, 4(2), 75–83. Retrieved from


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