Socioeconomic Effects of Tourism Revenue Sharing (TRS) on Protected Area-Communities Bordering Bugungu Wildlife Reserve, Buliisa District, Uganda

PDF

Published: 2023-09-19

Page: 121-127


Nambi Pauline *

Nkumba University, School of Sciences, Uganda.

Taddeo Rusoke

Department of Natural Resources Management, Nkumba University, Wildlife Clubs of Uganda, Uganda.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The paper presents findings on how supporting projects through Tourism Revenue Sharing supports the socioeconomic well-being of communities bordering Bugungu Wildlife Reserve in Buliisa District, western Uganda. Through simple random sampling, some 358 respondents from parishes of Nyamitete, Kakoora, Nyamasoga, Bubwe, Biiso, Kampala A, and Walukuba participated in a questionnaire survey. The questionnaire survey was supplemented by photography to enlist projects supported through the Tourism Revenue Sharing Schemes of the Uganda Wildlife Authority. A total of 23 projects were supported through tourism revenue sharing in the surveyed parishes. Some of the projects were the construction of classroom blocks, distribution of furniture in schools, livelihood support projects, and fencing of schools to stop the intrusion and wild animal attacks. There was an improvement in household income through TRS directly addressing household needs by 79.5% (r = 0.735, P<0.05) and indirectly improving income by 80.5% (r = 0.809, P<0.05) and a significant relationship between the construction of schools and socio-economic wellbeing of communities bordering Bugungu WR (β =.154, P<0.05) was determined. Rarely did TRS support health centers through TRSF and this negatively affected expenditure in terms of income spent by communities bordering Bugungu Wildlife Reserve seeking healthcare services (β = -.088, P<0.05). Communities living around Bugungu Wildlife Reserve should organize themselves into groups to effectively benefit from TRS projects and programs supported by UWA. Uganda Wildlife Authority should support Health Sector-related projects under Tourism revenue sharing around Bugungu Wildlife Reserve.

Keywords: Socioeconomic effect, tourism revenue sharing projects, communities, Uganda


How to Cite

Pauline , N., & Rusoke , T. (2023). Socioeconomic Effects of Tourism Revenue Sharing (TRS) on Protected Area-Communities Bordering Bugungu Wildlife Reserve, Buliisa District, Uganda. Asian Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Studies, 6(2), 121–127. Retrieved from https://ikprress.org/index.php/AJAHSS/article/view/8393

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

UWA Revenue shared with communities and local governments adjacent to Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. Kampala Uganda. Kampala: Uganda Wildlife Authority; 2020.

Ofungi T. Uganda Wildlife Authority Signs New Agreements to Support Conservation Tourism; 2022, April 12. Available:https://eturbonews.com/: https://eturbonews.com/uganda-wildlife-authority-signs-new-agreements-to-support-conservation-tourism/

Twinamatsiko M. Can Governance in revenue sharing be a pathway for a win-win situation between People's Livelihood Improvement and Conservation? Journal of Social Science Research. 2017;232-256.

Naughton-Treves L. Tourism revenue-sharing around national parks in Western Uganda: Early efforts to identify and reward local communities. Environmental Conservation. 2002;135-149.

UWA. Guidelines for revenue sharing between wildlife-protected areas and adjacent local governments and communities. Kampala Uganda: Uganda Wildlife Authority; 2012.

Tushabe E. Tourism Revenue Sharing on Poverty Alleviation around National Parks of Rwanda: A Case of Volcanoes National Park. JRIIE. 2020;4(2):119- 127.

Rusoke T. Assessment of the framework for tourism revenue sharing in Uganda: A Case of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, South-Western Uganda, Findings and Recommendations from an Assessment of Tourism Revenue Sharing Schemes in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, South Western Uganda. Uganda Wildlife Authority, Kampala Uganda; 2023.

Snyman S, Fitzgerald K, Bakteeva A, Ngoga T, Mugabukomeye B. Benefit-sharing from protected area tourism: A 15-year review of the Rwanda tourism revenue sharing program. Front. Sustain. Tour. 2023;1:1052052. DOI: 10.3389/frsut.2022.1052052

Tumusiime DM, Byakagaba P. Defects of Tourism revenue sharing policies and practices in East Africa. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal. 2019; 6(5):24-29.

Piotr E. The sharing economy and sustainability of Urban Destinations in the (Over) Tourism Context: The Social Capital Theory Perspective. Sustainability. 2020; 12(6):2310.