Reaction of Gidami Coffee Collections against the Major Diseases

Zenebe Wubshet *

Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Plant Pathology Research department, P.O. Box 192 Jimma, Ethiopia.

Gabisa Gidisa

Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Plant Pathology Research department, P.O. Box 192 Jimma, Ethiopia.

Hailu Negesa

Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Plant Pathology Research department, P.O. Box 192 Jimma, Ethiopia.

Kifle Belachew

Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Plant Pathology Research department, P.O. Box 192 Jimma, Ethiopia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Ethiopia's largest export commodity is coffee arabica, one of the most significant goods that significantly contribute to the national economy. However, diseases including coffee berry, coffee leaf rust, and coffee wilt have been significantly reducing its yield. In order to assess Gidami coffee arabica accessions’ reaction to serious fungal infections, this study was started. The total of 100 genotypes was evaluated under Gera and Haru field situations for these major diseases. Whereas, 92 accessions with two checks were tested under greenhouse condition for coffee wilt. The results showed a highly significant variation (p<0.001) among genotypes in both conditions with 0–51%, 4–36%, and 0–100% disease severity ranges respectively. Except the four accessions namely G67/13, G71/13, G54/13, and G66/13, most of them showed susceptible reactions to CBD under Gera conditions. As well, 36 and 12 coffee accessions revealed <10% CLR reactivity at Haru and Gera conditions respectively. But none of the accessions had resistance levels higher than the two checks (Challa and 8136) at either of the locations. In other word, Gera had much greater levels of CBD and CLR pressure than Haru. On the other hand, only two accessions, G57 and G20, showed 100% CWD survival rate in greenhouse environments. This study showed how plant genetics and environmental variables affect diseases development and demonstrated that the response of Gidami coffee accessions to the major coffee diseases highly influenced by geographical and genetic variables. Therefore, continual and massive genotype screening across the locations must be taken into account in order to get resistance genotypes as the best disease mitigation to overcome the coffee diseases problem.

Keywords: Coffea arabica, coffee berry disease, local landrace, resistance

How to Cite

Wubshet, Z., Gidisa , G., Negesa, H., & Belachew , K. (2024). Reaction of Gidami Coffee Collections against the Major Diseases. Asian Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 9(1), 28–38.


Download data is not yet available.


Labouisse JP, Bellachew B, Kotecha S, Bertrand B. Current status of coffee (Coffea arabica L.) genetic resources in Ethiopia: Implications for conservation. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. 2008;55:1079.

Chauhan R, Hooda MS, Agena Anjulo Tanga. Coffee: The backbone of the Ethiopian economy. 2015;1:082-086.

Kiwanian R. Essays on global coffee supply chains: Improving small-scale producers' income (Doctoral dissertation, Rutgers University-Graduate School-Newark). 2013;1-157.

FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization). Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nation statistical pocketbook of coffee. 2015;1-194.

NBE (National Bank of Ethiopia). Domestic economic analysis and publications directorate. Quarterly bulletin first quarter 2017/18 Fiscal Year Series, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2018.

ICO (International coffee organization). The coffee market report in the international trade, challenges, and opportunities facing the sector. 2018;1-8.

Etana MB. Review on the management of coffee berry disease (Colletotrichum kahawae) in Ethiopia. Journal of Food Science and Quality Management. 2018;76:73–76.

Workafes W, Kassu K. Coffee production systems in Ethiopia. In: Proceedings of the workshop on control of coffee berry disease in Ethiopia; 1999 Aug 13–15, Addis Ababa. 2000;99–107.

Emana BT. Distribution assessment and pathogenicity test of coffee berry disease (Colletotrichum kahawae) in Hararghe, Ethiopia. 2015;2:038-042.

CSA (Central Statistical Agency). Area and production of major crops in the Federal democratic republic of Ethiopia central statistical agency agricultural sample survey. 2019;1:1-117.

Zenebe W, Daniel T, Weyessa G. Characterization and virulence determination of Colletotrichum kahawae isolates from Gidami, Western Ethiopia. Journal of Plant Science Phytopathology. 2021;5:004-013.

DOI: 10.29328/journal.jpsp.1001054

Mehari B, Redi-Abshiro M, Chandravanshi BS, Combrinck S, McCrindle R. Characterization of the cultivation region of Ethiopian coffee by elemental analysis. Analytical Letters. 2016;49: 2474-2489.

Adugna A, Chemeda J, Arega Z, Tesfaye. Advances in coffee diseases research in Ethiopia: Increasing crop production through improved plant protection. Volume II Proceedings of the 14th Annual Conference of the Plant Protection Society of Ethiopia. 2009;540:275–303.

Van der Vossen H, Bertrand B, Charrier A. Next-generation variety development for sustainable production of Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica L.): A review. Euphytica. 2015;204:243-256.

Alemu K, Adugna G, Lemessa F, Muleta D. Current status of coffee berry disease (Colletotrichum kahawae WalleAr & Bridge) in Ethiopia. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection. 2016;49:421-433.

Rakotoniriana EF, Scauflaire J, Rabemanantsoa C, Urveg-Ratsimamanga S, Corbusier AM, Quetin-Leclercq J, DeClerck S, Mulatu F. Colletotrichum gigasporum sp. Nov., a new species of Colletotrichum producing long straight conidia. Mycological Progress. 2013;12: 403-412.

Cristobel M, AL, de Jesus Yanez-Morales M, Solano-Vidal R, Segura-León O, Hernandez-Anguiano AM. Diversity of Colletotrichum species in coffee (Coffea arabica) plantations in Mexico. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 2017;147: 605-614.

Van der Graff. Selection for Arabica coffee types resistant to coffee berry disease in Ethiopia. Mededelingen land Bouwhoge School, Wageningen, Nederland. 1981; 110.

Jirata, Assefa. Status of coffee berry disease in Oromiya region. In: Proceedings of the workshop on control of coffee berry disease (CBD) in Ethiopia, August 13-15 1999, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 2000;9-17.

Zeru A. Diversity of Arabica coffee populations in Afromontane rainforests of Ethiopia concerning Colletotrichum kahawae and Gibberella xylarioides. 2006;1-68.

Netsre A, Kufa T. Determining suitable shade trees, panting pattern and spacing for Arabica coffee production in South and South Western Ethiopia. 2015;5:9-15.

Takala B. Ameliorative effects of coffee husk compost and lime amendment on acidic soil of haru, Western Ethiopia. Journal Soil Water Science. 2020;4(1):141-150.

Adugna G. Diversity in pathogenicity and genetics of Gibherella xylarioides (Fiisarinm xylarioides) populations and resistance of coffea spp. in Ethiopia (Doctoral Dissertation, Wilhelms University); 2004.

Adugna G, Hulluka M, Hindorf H. Incidence of tracheomycosis, Gibberella xylarioides (Fusarium xylarioides), on Arabica coffee in Ethiopia. Z. Flanzenkrankh. Pflanzen. J. Plant Dis. Protect. 2001;108(2):136–142.

Gutiérrez OA, Campbell AS, Phillips-Mora W. Breeding for disease resistance in cacao. In Cacao Diseases. Springer, Cham. 2016;567-609.

Andersen EJ, Ali S, Byamukama E, Yen Y, Nepal MP. Disease resistance mechanisms in plants genes. 2018; 9(7):339. Available:

Hassan A, Akram MU, Hussain MA, Bashir MA, Mostafa YS, Alamri SA, Hashem M. Screening of different wheat genotypes against leaf rust and role of environmental factors affecting disease development. Journal of King Saud University-Science. 2022;34(4):101991.

Kitange G, Nchimbi-Msolla S, Msuya DG. Response of F1 arabica coffee genotypes descending from disease resistant Ethiopian accessions to coffee berry disease. Journal of Current Opinion in Crop Science. 2022;3(3):152-160.

Zenebe WH, Lopisso DT, Terefe WG. Gidami Coffea arabica collections against coffee berry disease (Colletotrichum kahawae), Western Ethiopia. Int. J. Plant Pathol. 2022;13:1-8.

Gichuru EK. Sensitive response and resistance to bery disease (Colletotrichum kahawae) of two coffee varieties (Coffea arabica and C. canephora): Histological comparisons of interactions. Agronomie Africaine. 2007;19:233-240.

Couttolenc-Brenis E, Carrión GL, Villain L, Ortega-Escalona F, Ramrez-Martnez D, Mata-Rosas M, Méndez-Bravo A. Prehaustorial local resistance to coffee leaf rust in a Mexican cultivar involves the expression of salicylic acid-responsive genes. PeerJ. 2020;8:e8345.

Diola V, de Brito GG, Caixeta ET, Maciel-Zambolim E, Sakiyama NS, Loureiro ME. High-density genetic mapping for coffee leaf rust resistance. Tree Genetics & Genomes. 2011;7:1199-1208.

Admikew G. Mode of inheritance of resistance to coffee wilt disease (G. xylarioides Heim and Saccas) in Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica L.) genotypes (Doctoral dissertation, Jimma University); 2017.

Girma A, Hindorf H, Steiner U, Nirenberg HI, Dehne HW, Schellander K. Genetic diversity in the coffee wilt pathogen (Gibberella Xyilarioides) populations: Differentiation by host specialization and RAPD analysis. J. Plant Dis. and Pro. 2005;112(2):134- 145.

Van der Graaff NA, Pieters R. Resistance levels in Coffea arabica to Gibberella xylarioides and distribution pattern of the disease. Neth. J.Pl. Pathol. 1978;84:117-120.

Girma A. Diversity in pathogenicity and genetics of Gibberella xyilarioides (Fusarium xylarioides) population and resistance of coffee spp. in Ethiopia. Doctoral Dissertation presented to University of Bonn, Germany. 2004; 81.

Pieters R, Van Der Graaff. Resistance to Gibberella xylarioides in Coffea arabica: Evaluation of screening methods and evidence for the horizontal nature of the resistance. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 1980;86(1):37–43.

Weir BS, Johnston PR, Dam U. The Colletotrichum gloesporioides species complex. Studies in Mycology. 2012;73: 115-180.