Production and Characterization of Composite from Waste Faro Water Bottles and Groundnut Husk for Use as Egg Tray
Asian Journal of Current Research, Volume 8, Issue 3,
Composites of polyethene terephthalate (PET) and groundnut husk fibres were produced. Recently, the interest in using natural fibres in bio-composite materials has grown because they are non-toxic, low-cost, and easy to recycle. In this paper, we present the effects of different types of fibre treatments on the mechanical properties of PET as composite materials made from groundnut husk and plastic water bottles (Faro). Mechanical and physical tests were carried out on the PET-GH fibre composite, such as burning rate, water absorption, Meyer’s hardness, modulus of rupture and impact strength.
Effects of percentage increase in PET and fibre on water absorption, burning rate, hardness, impact strength, and modulus of rupture were analyzed. SEM analysis was employed to study the morphology of the produced composite at different PET-GH loadings to establish the optimum interfacial adhesion of the polymer matrix.
- polyethylene terephthalate
- groundnut husks
How to Cite
Chanda M. Introduction to Polymer Science and Chemistry. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis G. Group, FL, USA; 2006.
Vergara SE, Tchobanoglous G. Municipal solid waste and the environment: A global perspective. In Annual Review of Environment and Resources. 2012;37: 277–309.
Sabiiti EN, Bareeba F, Sporndly E, Tenywa JS, Ledin S, Ottabong E, Kyamanywa S, Ekbom B, Mugisha J, Drake L. Urban Market Garbage: A Hidden Resource for Sustainable Urban/Peri Urban Agriculture and the Environmentin Uganda. 2004;50.
Awasthi A, Singh N, Mittal S, Gupta PK, Agarwal R. Effects of agriculture crop residue burning on children and young on PFTs in North West India. Science of the Total Environment. 2010;408(20):4440–4445.
Binti Kahar H. The effect of rice husks as filler in polymer matrix composites. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications. 2012;2(1):218-223.
Jeffrey KJT, Tarlochan F, Rahman MM. Residual strength of chopped strand mat glass fibre/epoxy composite structures: Effect of temperature and water absorption. International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering. 2011;4(1):504–519.Available:https://doi.org/10.15282/ijame.4.2011.11.0041
Udina R. (n.d.). Removal of a plastic PET pouch from a laminated manuscript.
Dass PM, Maitera ON, Jang WJ, Aimable R. Production and testing of some physico-chemical properties of polyethylene terephthalate waste bottles (Faro)/tea leaves waste fibres composite. In FUW Trends in Science & Technology Journal. 2018;3(2B). Available:www.ftstjournal.com e-ISSN. www.ftstjournal.com
Nourbakhsh A, Baghlani FF, Ashori A. Nano-SiO2 filled rice husk/polypropylene composites: Physico-mechanical pro-perties. Industrial Crops and Products. 2011;33(1):183–187.
ASTM International. Standard Test Method for Rate of Burning and/or Extent and Time of Burning of Plastics in a Horizontal Position (Dilatometer). ASTM D635-21; 2021.
Holzner S. How to measure linear expansion in solid due to temperature increase. Dummies J. 2008;14:23-27.
Bast L. How to determine the modulus of rupture. Sci. J. 2017;1:40-41.
Ogunsuyi HO, Adejumobi. Pyrolysis of groundnut peels and shells for bio-based products (Bio-Oil and Bio-Char). In International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS). 2020;5.
Hossain MK, Hossain ME, Hosur MV, Jeelani S. Flexural and compression response of woven E-glass/polyester-CNF nanophased composites. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 2011;42(11):1774–1782.
Kord B. Effect of Wood Flour Content on the Hardness and Water Uptake of Thermoplastic Polymer Composites. World Applied Sciences Journal. 2011;12(9): 1632–1634.
Rus AR, Emeş O, Soporan VF, Chiper AM. Agricultural waste recycliig ii composite materials plates; 2010.
Perea-Moreno MA, Manzano-Agugliaro F, Hernandez-Escobedo Q, Perea-Moreno AJ. Peanut shell for energy: Properties and its potential to respect the environment. Sustainability (Switzerland). 2018;10(9).
Vijay Kumar Bhanot A, Dharminder Singh A, Puneet Sharma A. Research Work on Composite Epoxy Matrix & Ep Polyester Reinforced Material; 2012. Available:www.ijert.org
Oromiehie E, Prusty BG, Compston P, Rajan G. Automated fibre placement based composite structures: Review on the defects, impacts and inspections techniques. In Composite Structures. Elsevier Ltd. 2019b;224.
Cahill P. The Development of a Flammability Test Method for Aircraft Blankets; 1996.
Abstract View: 0 times
PDF Download: 0 times