Published: 2021-07-08

Page: 1-10

N. Gokula Priya

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar, Tamilnadu, India.

M. V. Sriramachandrasekharan *

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar, Tamilnadu, India.

R. Manivannan

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar, Tamilnadu, India.

M. Prakash

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar, Tamilnadu, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


High pH soil or alkaline soil impairs plant growth by restricting water availability to plants, inability of the plants to extract essential nutrients from soil and emergence of certain nutrient deficiency like phosphorus, zinc and iron. In this context, pot experiment was initiated in the glass house of Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University to assess the influence of different methods of silicon fertilization on mineral nutrition, yield and silicon use efficiency in maize grown in high pH soil. The treatments imposed were T1)  Recommended dose of fertilizer (RDF) T2) RDF + Seed priming with silicon @2mM( milli molar), T3) RDF + soil application @ 100 kg/ha, T4) RDF + soil application @150 kg/ha, T5) RDF + soil application @ 200 kg/ha T6) RDF + soil application @ 100 kg/ha + seed priming with silicon @2mM, T7) RDF + soil application @ 150 kg/ha + seed priming with silicon @2mM and T8)  RDF + soil application @ 200 kg/ha + seed priming with silicon @2 mM. It was conducted in CRD with three replications employing maize var. Co8 as test crop. The outcome of the experiment was nutrient (N, P.K and Si) concentrations and uptake in grain and stover were also positively influenced by providing maize crop with silicon through seed and soil along with RDF over no silicon. The percent enhancement due to silicon treatments on nutrient uptake ranged from N (62.6 to 104.8%), P (89.2 to 178.4%), K (72.4 to 117.3%) and Si (107.9 to 185.2%) over no silicon addition. the maize crop supplied  with silicon as seed primer or directly added to soil recorded signicantly higher grain yield ( 27.8 to 30.3 g /plant ) as against 19 g/plant( no silicon) and stover yield ( 33.4 to 38.7 g/plant) as against 22.5 g/plant (no silicon). Agronomic efficiency, apparent Si recovery decreased with silicon levels and values were higher when maize crop received silicon through seed and soil compared to individual application. It is concluded that under alkaline stress, application silicon through soil application (200 kg/ha) and seed priming (2mM) is most profitable venture in ensuring higher maize yield and mineral nutrition.

Keywords: Maize, silicon, yield, uptake, efficiency, sodic soil.

How to Cite

Priya, N. G., Sriramachandrasekharan, M. V., Manivannan, R., & Prakash, M. (2021). EFFECT OF METHOD OF SILICON FERTILIZATION ON MAIZE NUTRITION, YIELD AND SILICON USE EFFICIENCY GROWN IN HIGH pH SOIL. Asian Journal of Plant and Soil Sciences, 6(1), 1–10. Retrieved from https://ikprress.org/index.php/AJOPSS/article/view/6651


Download data is not yet available.


Coskun D, Britto DT, Huynh WQ, Kronzucker HJ. The role of silicon in higher plants under salinity and drought stress. Front. Plant Sci. 2016;7:1072.

Epstein, E, Bloom AJ. Mineral Nutrition of plants: Principles and Perspectives, 2nd Edn. Sunderland: Sinauer Associates Inc; 2005.

Artyszak A. Effect of silicon fertilization on crop yield quantity and quality-A literature review in Europe. Plants (Basel). 2018;6; 7(3):54.
DOI: 10.3390/plants7030054.

Kowalska J, Tyburski J, Jakubowska M, Krzymi´nska, J. Effect of different forms of silicon on growth of spring wheat cultivated in organic farming system. Silicon. 2021;13: 211–217.

Ahmed M, Qadeer U, Ahmed Z I, Hussain F. Improvement of wheat (Triticum aestivum) drought tolerance by seed priming with silicon. Arch. Agron. Soil Sci. 2016;62(3):299–315.

Minasny B, Hong SY, Hartemink, AE, Kim YH, Kang SS. Soil pH increase under paddy in South Korea between 2000 and 2012. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 2016;221:205–213.

Adil Khan, Muhammad Kamran, Muhammad Imran, Ahmed Al-Harrasi, Ahmed Al-Rawahi, Issa Al-Amir, In-Jung. Lee and Abdul Latif Khan. Silicon and salicylic acid confer high-pH stress tolerance in tomato seedlings. Sci. Rep. 2019;9(1): 1-16

Abdel Latef AA, Tran LP. Impacts of priming with silicon on the growth and tolerance of maize plants to alkaline stress. Front. Plant Sci. 2016;7(243): 1-10.

Sirisuntornlak N, Ghafoori S, Datta A, Arirob W. Seed priming and soil incorporation with silicon influence growth and yield of maize under water-deficit stress. Arch. Agron. Soil Sci. 2019; 65(2):197-207.

Sun J, Xu J, Miao X, Lin X, Liu ,W and Ren, H. Effects of exogenous silicon on maize seed germination and seedling growth. Sci. Rep. 2021;11:1014.

Gomez AA, Gomez RA. Statistical procedure for agricultural research with emphasis on rice. IRRI. Los Banos, Philippines. 1984;294.

Zargar SM, Mahajan R, Bhat JA, Nazir M, Deshmukh R. Role of silicon in plant stress tolerance opportunities to achieve a sustainable cropping system. Biotech. 2019;9(3):73.

Ma JF. Role of silicon in enhancing the resistance of plants to biotic and abiotic stresses. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 2004;50(1):11-18.

Ma JF, Goto S, Tamai K, Ichii M. Role of root hairs and lateral roots in silicon uptake by rice. Plant Physiol. 2001;127(4): 1773–1780.

Cuong TX, Ullah H, Datta A, Hanh TC. Effects of silicon-based fertilizer on growth, yield and nutrient uptake of rice in Tropical Zone of Vietnam. Rice Sci. 2017;24(5):283-290.

Singh KK, Singh K, Singh RS, Singh R, Chandel RS. Silicon nutrition in rice - a review. Agric. Rev. 2005;26(3):223–228.

Singh K, Singh R, Singh JP, Singh Y, Singh KK. Effect of level and time of silicon application on growth, yield and its uptake by rice (Oryza sativa L.). Indian J. Agric. Sci. 2006;76(7):410-413

Meena VD, Dotaniya ML, Coumar V, Rajendiran S, Kundu S, Subba Rao A. A case per silicon fertilization to improve crop yields in tropical soils. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Indian section B: Biological Sciences. 2014;84(3):505-518.

Tavakkoli E, Lyons G, English P, Guppy CN. Silicon nutrition of rice is affected by soil pH, weathering and silicon fertilization. J. Plant Nutri. Soil Sci. 2011;174(3): 437–446.

Tamer M, Abd El-Razik H, Mona. Hegazy, Heba. Amer M, Hend. Wahba E, Saber. F. Hendawy, Mohamed Hussein S. Effect of potassium silicate as anti-transpiration on growth, essential oil of chervil plant under Egyptian condition. Int. J. Pharm. Tech. Res. 2015; 8:1032-1039.

Lima CC. Availability of phosphorus for sugarcane in soil treated with silicon rich organic composts. Rev. Bras. Eng. Agri. Ambient. 2011;15: 1222-1227.

Patra DK, Neue MV. Dynamics of water soluble silica and silicon nutrition of rice in relation to changes in iron and phosphorus in soil solution due to soil drying and reflooding. Arch. Agron. Soil Sci. 2010;56(6):605-622.

Marsen A, Klotzbucher T, Jahn R, Kaiser K, Nguyen VS, Schmidt A, Vetterlein D. Interaction between silicon cycling and straw decomposition in a silicon deficient rice production system. Plant Soil. 2016;398:153–163.

Rinny S, Rout GR. Effect of silicon interaction with nutrients in rice. J. Exp. Biol. Agric. Sci. 2018;6(4):717 – 731.

Owino-Gerroh C, Gascho GJ. Effect of silicon on low pH soil phosphorus sorption and on uptake and growth of maize. Commu. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 2004;35:2369–2378.

Liang Y, Sun W, Zhu YG, Christie P. Mechanisms of silicon-mediated alleviation of abiotic stresses in higher plants: Environ. Pollut. 2007;147:422-428

Karmollachaab A, Gharineh MH. Effect of silicon application on wheat seedlings growth under water-deficit stress induced by polyethylene glycol. Iran Agric. Res. 2015;34: 31–38.

Fahimi J, Achemchem F, Bouzoubaâ. Z, Bouharroud R, Saffaj N, Mamouni R. Effect of silicon application on Coriandrum sativum (L) under salt stress. Int. J. Scientific Engineering Res. 2019;10(11):26-33

Savant NK, Datnoff LE, Snyder GH. Depletion of plant-available silicon in soils: A possible cause of declining rice yields. Comm. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 1997;28(13-14):1245-1252.

Singh KK, Singh K. Effect of N and Si on growth, yield attributes and yield of rice in Alfisols. Int. Rice Res. Notes. 2005;12:40-41.

Zhu Y, Gong H. Beneficial of effects of silicon on salt and drought tolerance in plants. Agron. Sustain. Dev. 2014;34(2):455-472.

Pati S, Pal B, Badole R, Hazra GC, Mandal B. Effect of silicon fertilization on growth, yield, and nutrient uptake of rice. Comm. Soil. Sci. Plant Anal. 2016;47:284–290.

Meena OP, Patel KC, Malav JK. Maize (Zea mays L.) yield and nutrient content as influenced by different levels of silicon and phosphorus in Typic Ustochrepts soil. Adv. Life Sci. 2016;5(16):5880-5884.

Saud S, Li X, Chen Y, Zhang L, Fahad S, Hussain S, Sadiq A, Chen Y. Silicon application increases drought tolerance of Kentucky bluegrass by improving plant water relations and morpho physiological functions. Sci. World J; 2014.

Shaymaa.I. Shedeed. Assessing effect of potassium silicate consecutive application of forage maize plants (Zea mays L.). J. Innov. Pharm. Biol. Sci. 2018;5(2):119-127.

Ren J, Guo J, Xing X, Qi G, Yuan ZL. Preliminary study on yield increase effects and yield increase mechanism of silicate fertilizer on maize. J. Maize Sci. 2002;10:86-90

Fageria NK, Baligar VC. Lowland rice response to nitrogen fertilization. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 2001;32:1405–1428.

Saberian Ranjbar S, Motesharezadeh B, Moshiri F, Hosseini HM, Alikhani HA. Silicon utilization efficiency of different wheat cultivars in a calcareous soil. Silicon. 2019;11: 2159–2168.