ASSESSMENT OF NUTRIENT STATUS IN DATE PALM PLANTATION SOILS OF MODIBBO ADAMA UNIVERSITY, YOLA ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA
Asian Journal of Plant and Soil Sciences, Volume 7, Issue 1,
This research assessed nutrient status, in soil of date palm plantation of Modibbo Adama University, Yola Adamawa State. Parameters evaluated included; data on nutrient status of soils, based on growth performances of the date palm. The plantation was divided into three according to growth variabilities high, medium and low. Fifteen (15) auger points were taken, five (5) in each performance site based on the corresponding variability as observed. Soil samples were collected within same points for physicochemical analysis. One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to compare results of nutrient status of soils and to test for significant differences in nutrient concentration of the soils samples, mean separation was done using Least Significant Difference (LSD). The highest value for soil physical parameters in the growth sites were; sand 86.4%; silt 17.8%; clay 22.8%; BD 1.64g/cm3; PD 2.73g/cm3 porosity 46% and WHC was 12.1%. Similarly, the highest value for soil chemical parameters in the growth sites were; pH 7.0, EC 0.60dS/m, OC 1.011%, OM 1.743%, TN 0.174%. AvP 12.637 ppm, Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, K+, TEB TEA, ECEC and PBS highest values were; 5.212, 3.160, 0.957, 0.872, 9.186, 3.700,11.688 Cmol/Kg and 82.121% respectively. Analysis of variance for the soil parameters tested at (P ≤ 0.05) level of significance showed no significant differences in all the parameters of soil physical properties. However, Organic carbon, Organic matter and TN vary significantly after the Post-hoc tests across growth performance sites in chemical properties (p ≤ 0.05). The finding of this study revealed that there was no significant difference among the physical properties across the study site leading to the conclusion that soil physical properties may not have been responsible for the observed differences in the growth of the Date Palm in the plantation. A different pattern was however observed in the values of the chemical properties of the plantation where significant differences exist in Organic carbon, Organic matter and total Nitrogen across these sites which may perhaps be responsible for the observed differences in growth of the plants.
- Date palm
- nutrient status
How to Cite
Lucas-Borja ME, de Santiago JH, Yang Y, Shen Y, Candel-Pérez D. Nutrient, metal contents and microbiological properties of litter and soil along a tree age gradient in Mediterranean forest ecosystems. Science Total Environment. 2018;650:749–758. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.079
Rahman MH, Bahauddin M, Khan MASA, Islam MJ, Uddin MB. Assessment of soil physical properties under plantation and deforested sites in a biodiversity conservation area of north-eastern Bangladesh. International Journal of Environmental Sciences. 2012;3(3). ISSN 0976 – 4402.
Kekane SS, Chavan RP, Shinde DN, Patil CL, Sagar SS. A review on physico-chemical properties of soil International Journal of Chemical Studies. P-ISSN 2349–8528 E-ISSN 2321–4902 IJCS. 2015;3(4):29- 32.
Umeri C, Onyemekonwu RC, Moseri H. Analysis of Physical and Chemical Properties of Some Selected Soils of Rain Forest Zones of Delta State, Nigeria. Nigeria. Agricultural Resource Technology: Open Access Journal. 2017;5(4):555668. DOI: 10.19080/ARTOAJ.2017.05.555668
Khan Towhid Osman. Plant Nutrients and Soil Fertility Management, in Soils: Principles, Properties and Management, ed. Khan Towhid Osman (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2016), 2016;129–59. Available:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-5663-2_10
Masomeh I, Hashem H. Changes in diversity, biomass and abundance of soil macrofauna, Parrotio-Carpinetum forest at organic and semi-organic horizons, Eurasian Journal of Soil Science. 2016;5(3):166-171.
Retallack GJ. Soils of the Plant: An Introduction to Paleopedology (2 ed.). John Wiley and Sons. UK. 2008;207.
Getachew B, Weldesemayat G, Zenebe G, Fantaw Y, Getachew D. Soil Macro faunal Diversity and Biomass across Different Land Use Systems in Wondo Genet, Ethiopia. Journal of Advances in Life Science and Technology. 2018;67:2018. ISSN 2224-7181 (Paper) ISSN 2225-062X (Online). Available:www.iiste.org
Unanaonwi OE. Acidity, Organic carbon and Nitrogen status of soils under Acacia senegal L. (Wasd.) Plantation and Natural forest in Gummi forest reserve, Zamfara State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Forestry. 2015b; 38(2):9199.
Effi T, Uri S, Yechezkel M, Alon BG. Long term growth, water comsumption and yield of date palm as a function of salinity. Journal of Agricultural Water Management. 2011; 99(1):128-134.
Elamin AH, Elsadig EH, Alijubouri HJ, Gafar MD. Improving fruit quality and yield of khenazi date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L) growth in sany soil by application of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and organic matter. International Journal of Development and Sustainability. 2017;6(8):862- 875.
El-Mardi M, Al Said F, Sakit C, Al Kharusi L, Rabbi I, AI, AlMahrazi K. Effects of pollination method, fertilizer and mulch treatments on the physical and chemical characteristics of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) fruit. I: Physical characteristics. Acta Hort. 2007;736:317– 328.
Al-Yahyai R, Al-Kharusi L. Physical and chemical quality characteristics of freeze-stored dates. International Journal. Agriculture and. Biology. (Accepted); 2011.
Adebayo AA, Tukur AL, Zemba AA. Adamawa State in Maps. Paraclete Publishers Yola, Nigeria. 2020;20-22.
Akosim C, Tella IO, Jatau DF. Vegetations characteristics of Adamawa State. In: Adebayo, A. A., Tukur A. L. and Zemba, A. A. Adamawa State in Maps. Paraclete Publishers Yola, Nigeria. 2020;20-22.
Geographical information system GIS. Laboratory, Geography Department Modibbo Adama University, Yola Adamawa state, Nigeria; 2021.
Blake GR, Hartz KH. bulk density in: methods of soil analysis part 11 ed (Black, C.A) American society of agronomy incorporation. Wisconsin, USA. 1986;891-901.
Agbenin JO, Tiessen H. Phosphorus at field capacity and soil ionic strength kinetic and transformation. Soil science society of American Journal. 1995;59(4):998–1005.
Udo EJ, Ibia TO, Ogunwale JA, Ano AO, Esu IE. Mannual of soil, plant and water analysis sibon books ltd lagos. 2009;183.
Walkley A, Black CS. An examination of Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science. 1965;37:29-37.
Harold V, Robert S, Joseph A, Kirsten K. Soil and Crop Sciences Section Comprehensive Assessment of Soil Health; 2020. Available:soilhealth.cals.cornell.edu
International institute of tropical agriculture (IITA). Selected method for soil and plant analysis, manual series no. 1 IITA.Ibadan, Nigeria; 1979.
Bray RH, Kurtz LT. Determination of total organic and available forms of phosphorus in soil. Soil Science Journal. 1945;59:35-45.
Thomas GW. Exchangeable cations method of soil analysis part 2, chemical and microbiological properties second edition. Al page (editor) agronomy, No.9 part 2 American society of agronomy, soil science of America Madison, wl. 1982;159-165.
Arifin A, Karam DS, Shamshuddin J, Majid NM, Radziah O, Hazandy AH, Zahari I. Proposing a suitable soil quality index for natural, secondary and rehabilitated tropical forests in Malaysia. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2012;11(14):3297-3309.
Jimoh K, Ibrahim JA, Jusop S, Karam DS. Evaluation of Soil Quality under Date Palm Plantation for Climate Change and Food Security in Gombe State University, Gombe Nigeria. EQA-International Journal of Environmental Quality. 2019;35:51-64.
Adebayo AA. Climate, sunshine, temperature, evaporation and relative humidity. In Adamawa State in Map; 2020.
Gee GW, Bauder JW. particle size analysis In; methods of soil analysis part A klute Ed, 2 Ed vol 9 nd Am, soc. Agron, Madison, WI. 1965;383- 411.
Koralage ISA, Weerasinghe P, Silva NRN, De Silva CE. The Determination of Available Phosphorus in Soil: A Quick and Simple Method OUSL Journal. 2015;8:1-17.
Omar UY. Effects of pesticides on soil enzymes: A review. Environmental Chemistry Letters. 2012;12(2):257-273.
Abstract View: 347 times
PDF Download: 2 times