DC-AC CONDUCTIVITY BEHAVIORS OF Poly (2-methoxy aniline-co-2-chloro aniline) AND Poly (2-methoxy aniline-co-2-chloro aniline) - composite-clay

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Published: 2016-03-18

Page: 119-131


G. DEVI

Department of Chemistry, Auxilium College, Vellore-632006, Tamilnadu, India

L. PORSELVI

Department of Chemistry, Auxilium College, Vellore-632006, Tamilnadu, India

S. JHANCY MARY *

Department of Chemistry, Auxilium College, Vellore-632006, Tamilnadu, India

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Poly (2-methoxy aniline-co-2-chloro aniline)  was synthesized by both emulsion and oxidative polymerization methods and named as poly (OMA-co-OCA)-1) and poly(OMA-co-OCA)-2  respectively and poly (2-methoxy aniline-co--2-chloro aniline)-composite-clay (poly (OMA-co-OCA)/clay) was synthesized by emulsion polymerization method using K2Cr2O7 as oxidant, sodium lauryl sulphate as surfactant and HCl as dopant. The synthesized copolymer and its composite were characterized by FTIR, UV- visible, TGA-DTA, XRD and 1H NMR. The dc-ac electrical conductivity was studied using the four point probe method. Poly (OMA-co-OCA)-2 has greater conductivity than poly (OMA-co-OCA)-1. The dielectric spectra and dielectric loss spectra illustrate the capacitance behavior.  The copolymer and the composite are found to be semiconducting and the copolymer composite has higher conductivity than the copolymer. The △Eac as calculated from Arrhenius plot is the lowest in poly (OMA-co-OCA)-2. The rate of polymerization and the electron hopping mechanism are discussed.

Keywords: Copolymerization, clay composite, electron hopping


How to Cite

DEVI, G., PORSELVI, L., & MARY, S. J. (2016). DC-AC CONDUCTIVITY BEHAVIORS OF Poly (2-methoxy aniline-co-2-chloro aniline) AND Poly (2-methoxy aniline-co-2-chloro aniline) - composite-clay. Journal of Applied Chemical Science International, 6(3), 119–131. Retrieved from https://ikprress.org/index.php/JACSI/article/view/3982

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