Analysis of the Industrial Effluent before Discharge into the sea, Case from Kamsar, Republic of Guinea
Journal of Applied Chemical Science International, Volume 14, Issue 2,
Oil effluents are the main sources of contamination of aquatic ecosystems. The intensity of their impact depends on the quantity, density and toxicity in the discharge. This study examines the effectiveness of effluent treatment prior to discharge into the ocean at the Kamsar plant. Seventy-two water samples were collected over an eight-month period. They were analyzed using an incubator (Infra Cal TOG/TPH) for total oil/fat (THG). As a result, the effluent contains a high level of oil/fat, which varies according to the season, with an average of 85 ppm/day in the dry season and 178 ppm/day in the rainy season. These rates are higher than the norm (15 ppm/day). The high THG content in the water shows that it is not biodegradable and toxic. A modification of the plant has been proposed, with two anti-parallel flat separators (API) of one pump each.
- Industrial effluents
- effluent treatment
- sea contamination
How to Cite
Aghor A. Chemicals make Thane creek the worst polluted water body; August 14. Mumbai, India [online]. Daily DNA; 2007.
Available:http://www.dnaindia.com/mumbai/report_chemicalsmake-thane- creek- the-worst- polluted-waterbody_1115439
Modak DP, Singh KP, Ahmed S, Ray PK. Trace metal ion in Ganga water system. Chemosphere. 1990;21(1-2):275-87..
Lokhande RS, Singare PU, Pimple DS. Quantification study of toxic heavy metals pollutants in sediment samples collected from Kasardi River; 2011.
Report on Mithi river water pollution and recommendations for its control, survey conducted by Klean environmental consultants Pvt. Ltd., Mumbai, As submitted to Maharashtra Pollution Control Board, Mumbai. Ref. No. 0407/Mpcb Mithi river survey/ 109, July 10; 2004.
Qian G, Cao Y, Chui P, Tay J. Utilization of MSWI fly ash for stabilization/solidification of industrial waste sludge [article]. J Hazard Mater. 2006;129(1-3):274-81.
Altaş L, Büyükgüngör H. Sulfide removal in petroleum refinery wastewater by chemical precipitation [article]. J Hazard Mater. 2008;153(1-2):462-9.
Kumar A. Impact of industrial pollution on the population status of endangered Gangetic dolphin (Platanista gangetica) in the River Ganga in Bihar, India Pol. Arch Hydrobiol. 1996;18(4):469-76.
Chakravarty RD, Roy P, Singh SB. A quantitative study of the plankton and the physicochemical conditions of the River Jumna at Allahabad in 1954-55. Indian J Fish. 1959;6(1):186-203.
Mekhalif F. Reuse of treated industrial wastewater as make up water in a cooling circuit [Master’s thesis]. University of SKIKDA. 2009; 158 .
Patil D. A lot’s fishy about our creek and lakefish; March 22,. Mumbai, India [online]. Daily Times of India; 2009.
Chantal L. Analyse des approches environnementales lors de l’exploitation minière. Mémoire Master. Centre Universitaire de formation en environnement de Sherbrook; 2011;79.
Charpentier E, Jinek M, Jennifer A, Doudna, Fonfara I, Chylinski K. A programmable dual-RNA-guided DNA endonuclease in adaptive bacterial immunity [report]. Vol. 337. American association for the advancement of Science. 2012;816-21.
Igor KKA. Optimising the operation of the water and effluent treatment unit for sania industry. Master’thesis. International engineering institute(2iE). 2015;85.
Sasamal SK, Rao KH, Suryavansi UM. Sewage and industrial pollution in and around Thane Creek, Mumbai using high resolution IRS data. Int J Remote Sens. 2007;28(19):4391-5.
Lokhande RS, Singare PU, Pimple DS. Study on physico-chemical parameters of waste water effluents from taloja industrial area of Mumbai, India. Int J Ecosyst. 2011b:9pages.
Diallo NOS. Farmers’perception of the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in mangrove rice cultivation on the northern coast, Republic of Guinea. Master’ [thesis]. Center for Environmental Studies and Research (CESR). 2018;67.
Fouilloux RC, Aires N. Installation and maintenance of light liquid separators and sludge traps [article]. Paris, the defense: Afnor. 2002;416-42.
CBG. Compagnie des bauxites de Guinée. Management system environmental and social (ESMS) [manual]. CBG. 2018;118.
Kada N, Bahhou J, M’haidra A, El Hassouni M. Analysis of effluents from different types of refining units at the Samir refinery (Maroc) [article]. European Scientific Journal. 2014;1069-81.
Bangoura NM. Treatment of oil effluents from the Guinea bauxite company (CBG). Diagnosis and improvement of the treatment process. Master’thesis. Int Eng Inst. 2019:(2ie):88.
Gujer W, Henze M. Activated sludge modeling and simulation. Water Sci Technol. 1991;23(4-6):1011-23.
Attiogbe F, Glover-Amengor M, Nyadziehe K. Correlating biochemical and chemical oxygen demand of effluents – A case study of selected industries in Kumasi, Ghana. West Afr article. J Appl Ecol. 2009;11(1).
Djomo JE, Dauta A, Ferrier V, Narbonne JF, Monkiedje U, T Njine T, Garrigues P. Toxic effects of some major polyaromatic hydrocarbons found in crude oil and aquatic sediments on Scenedesmus subspicatus. Article. Journal of water Research. University of Dschang Cameroon. 2004;38.
Kavitha V, Palanivelu K. The role of ferrous ion in Fenton and Photo-Fenton processes for the degradation of phenol [article]. Chemosphere. 2004;55(9):1235-43.
Abdelwahab O, Amin NK, El-Ashtoukhy E-SZ. Electrochemical removal of phenol from oil refinery wastewater [article]. J Hazard Mater. 2009;163:711-6.
Jamila KadaN’haidra A. El Hassouni M. Analysis of effluents from different types of refining units at the Samir refinery (maroc). European scientific Journal July 2014 edition. 2014;10(21). ISSN: 1857 – 7881 (Print) e - ISSN 1857- 7431.
Bardin JP. Contribution to a better understanding of the qualitative functioning of reservoirs subject to a permanent cross-flow and of take account of uncertainties [thèse] Lyon : INSA de Lyon. 1999; 443.
Chocat B, Bertrand-krajewski JL, Barraud S. Urban stormwater and urban discharges in wet weather [article]. Paris (France): Engineering techniques. 2007; 6(800): 17.
West Paris regional laboratory. Effectiveness of rainwater depollution works [rapport]. Paris: LROP. Trappes. 1998; 66.
Diya’uddeen BH, Daud WMAW, Abdul Aziz AR. Treatment technologies for petroleum refinery effluents: A review. Process Saf Environ Prot. 2011;89(2):95-105.
Lokhande RS et al. Study on physico-chemical parameters of waste water effluents from taloja industrial area of Mumbai, India/ International Journal of Ecosystem. 2011;1:1-9.
CBG. Compagnie des bauxites de Guinée. Bauxite-mine-expansion-environmental-and-social-monitoring-report-July 2017 [manual]. CBG-monitoring. 2019;124.
CBG. Compagnie des bauxites de Guinée. Oil/Water Separator (OWS) system. Operations manual. CBG. 2020;28.
Abstract View: 76 times
PDF Download: 2 times