ENERGY CONSUMPTION, CO2 EMISSIONS, URBANIZATION AND FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN BANGLADESH: VECTOR ERROR CORRECTION MODEL

Purchase PDF

Published: 2017-10-27

Page: 178-189


KHAIRUL ALOM *

School of Business Studies, Southeast University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

A. N. M. MESHQUAT UDDINA

School of Business Studies, Southeast University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

NAZRUL ISLAMB

School of Business, Uttara University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

This paper examines empirical relationship among the variables of financial development,  emissions, urbanization, industrial value addition, agricultural value addition and energy consumption in the context of Bangladesh using the data of 1985-2015. Findings of Johansen co-integration test indicates that long run relationship exists among the variables of emissions, financial development, urbanization, industrial value addition, agricultural value addition and energy consumption. Whereas, Granger causality results show that unidirectional causality exists among the variables of  emissions to agriculture value addition,  emissions to energy consumption, agriculture value addition to financial development, agriculture value edition to industry value addition, financial development to  emissions, industry value addition to energy consumption. However, this study fails to establish any relationship between  emissions and urbanization, urbanization and energy consumption in short run in the context of Bangladesh. Results of Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) confirm that except financial development all the explanatory variables are statistically insignificant in the short run. However, the error correction term (ECT) is statistically significant and negative sign. This indicates that  emission adjusted 37.60% within the year when deviated from equilibrium and the adjustment speed is significant.

Keywords: Carbon emission, energy consumption, financial development, urbanization, co-integration, VECM


How to Cite

ALOM, K., UDDINA, A. N. M. M., & ISLAMB, N. (2017). ENERGY CONSUMPTION, CO2 EMISSIONS, URBANIZATION AND FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN BANGLADESH: VECTOR ERROR CORRECTION MODEL. Journal of Global Economics, Management and Business Research, 9(4), 178–189. Retrieved from https://ikprress.org/index.php/JGEMBR/article/view/3658

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.