ASSESSMENT OF ADVERSE DRUG REACTION REPORTING PRACTICES AMONG HEALTH WORKERS IN NNEWI, NIGERIA

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Published: 2015-02-20

Page: 120-127


UZO E. EBENEBE

Department of Community Medicine, NAU/ NAUTH, Nnewi, Nigeria

AMAKA Y. EZEUKO

Department of Pharmacy, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital (NAUTH), Nnewi, Nigeria

CHINOMNSO C. NNEBUE *

Department of HIV Care and Department of Community Medicine,Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital (NAUTH), Nnewi, Nigeria

JOHN O. UGORJI

Department of Pharmacy, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital (NAUTH), Nnewi, Nigeria

CHUKWUMA B DURU

Department of Community Medicine, Imo State University Teaching Hospital (IMSUTH), Orlu, Nigeria

ACHUNAM S. NWABUEZE

Department of Community Medicine, NAU/ NAUTH, Nnewi, Nigeria

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Aim: Health workers play an integral role in the success of safetysurveillance of drugs by enhancing the detection of serious, unexpected and unusual adverse drug reactions (ADRs). Our aim was to assess theADR reporting among health workers in Nnewi, Nigeria.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study of 372 health workers in different health facilities in Nnewi North LGA of Anambra state was done. The participants were doctors, pharmacists and nurses, selected using multistage sampling technique. Datacollection employed pretested, self-administered structured questionnaires. Data was analysed using statistical package for social sciences version 17. Chi-square test for proportions was used to document presence of statistical significance in the practice of ADR reporting among these health workers.A  p value of < 0.05 was considered significant.

Results: Out of the 372 respondents studied, 255 (68.5%) were females and 117 (31.5%) were males. This comprises 241 (64.8%) Nurses/related cadres, 109 (29.3%) doctorsand  22 (5.9%)pharmacists. Three hundred and ten (83.3%) of the respondents have suspected an ADR without reporting it(p=0.01). While 156 (50.2%) of them did not report suspected ADR because they were uncertain that the reaction was caused by drug(p=0.000). There are statistically significantdifferences in these practices among these professional groups.

Conclusions: This study showed thatdespite statistically significantdifferences, there was generally poor practice of ADR reporting among the health workers studied. We recommend that reporting forms, reporting guidelines and necessary logisticsare made available, with regular training and retraining of health workers on ADR reporting.

Keywords: Adverse drug reactions, reporting practices, health workers, Nnewi Nigeria


How to Cite

EBENEBE, U. E., EZEUKO, A. Y., NNEBUE, C. C., UGORJI, J. O., DURU, C. B., & NWABUEZE, A. S. (2015). ASSESSMENT OF ADVERSE DRUG REACTION REPORTING PRACTICES AMONG HEALTH WORKERS IN NNEWI, NIGERIA. Journal of International Research in Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2(4), 120–127. Retrieved from https://ikprress.org/index.php/JIRMEPS/article/view/1010

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