EXPLORING THE IMMUNOGENICITY POTENTIAL OF PLANT VIRUSES USED AS VACCINE ANTIGEN: TOBACCO PLANT

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Published: 2015-06-12

Page: 118-127


AMIT GUPTA

Vidya Pratishthan’s School of Biotechnology (VSBT), Vidyanagari, Baramati District, Pune, India

SUSHAMA R. CHAPHALKAR *

Vidya Pratishthan’s School of Biotechnology (VSBT), Vidyanagari, Baramati District, Pune, India

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) was the first virus to be discovered over a century ago and was the first plant virus ever purified and tried to use as a source of therapeutic as well as prophylactic agents. The present study was aimed to investigate the immunogenicity of leaves aqueous extract of non-infected (control) and infected (TMV) tobacco plant. We evaluated the immunogenicity of the aqueous extract on the in vivo immune function of the mouse. Swiss mice were treated subcutaneously on day 0 and 7 with variable doses of aqueous extract of control and TMV plant of tobacco (25 – 300 µg) adsorbed on 0.5 mg of aluminium hydroxide in a final volume of 0.2 ml. On day 15, we analyzed surface markers i.e. CD3/CD4/CD8 population, estimation of Th1 (IFN-gamma, TNF alpha) cytokines from spleen cell culture supernatant and peritoneal macrophages activation were studied. Hepatitis B vaccine used as standard for these immunological studies. The results showed that the leaf aqueous extract of TMV  at the dose of 50 and 100 µg adsorbed on 0.5 mg of alum, showed increase in the CD3/CD4/CD8 population, peritoneal macrophages activation and Th1 cytokine levels (IFN-gamma and TNF alpha) from spleen cell culture supernatant as compared to control tobacco plant and hepatitis B vaccine were observed. This suggests that the Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) improves the immune system and might be regarded as a biological response modifier.

Keywords: Tobacco mosaic virus, aqueous extract, immunogenicity, Nicotiana tabacum


How to Cite

GUPTA, A., & CHAPHALKAR, S. R. (2015). EXPLORING THE IMMUNOGENICITY POTENTIAL OF PLANT VIRUSES USED AS VACCINE ANTIGEN: TOBACCO PLANT. Journal of International Research in Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 4(4), 118–127. Retrieved from https://ikprress.org/index.php/JIRMEPS/article/view/1296

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