FACTORS INFLUENCING ADHERENCE WITH DIETARY REGIMEN AMONG RENAL-PATIENTS IN THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE HOSPITAL, IBADAN, NIGERIA

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Published: 2016-09-19

Page: 107-114


LAWRENCE ADEWALE AGBONJINMI

Department of Clinical Nursing, Continuing Education and Training Unit, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria

OYEDIRAN EMMANUEL OYEWOLE

Department of Health Promotion and Education, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The study was conducted to investigate factors influencing adherence with dietary regimen among Renal-Outpatients (ROs) in University College Hospital, Ibadan. A descriptive cross-sectional design was adopted to study 203 consenting ROs who were present on clinic days. A pretested interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to elicit information from ROs. Adherence with dietary regimen was assessed using a 20-point scale categorized into poor (<8), moderate (8-14), and good (>14). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square test and logistic regression model with level of significance set at 5%. The study revealed that the level of adherence score with dietary regimen was 13.7 ± 3.5 and 74.4% had good adherence. Most (79.3%) were satisfied with the recommended diets and a significant association was observed between health care providers’ counseling and improvement in ROs adherence. Respondents who neither smoked nor consumed alcohol were more likely to adhere with dietary regimen (OR=4.71, CI = 4.39-5.13), compared with respondents who were indulged in such acts. However, support from the workplace (73.9%) and family (79.3%), health care workers’ counseling (84.2%) and respondents’ self-determination (80.8%) influenced adherence. Adherence with dietary regimen would be enhanced when social support, strong determination, and healthy lifestyles are promoted.

Keywords: Renal out-patients, dietary adherence, social support, dietary regimen


How to Cite

AGBONJINMI, L. A., & OYEWOLE, O. E. (2016). FACTORS INFLUENCING ADHERENCE WITH DIETARY REGIMEN AMONG RENAL-PATIENTS IN THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE HOSPITAL, IBADAN, NIGERIA. Journal of International Research in Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 10(2), 107–114. Retrieved from https://ikprress.org/index.php/JIRMEPS/article/view/3198

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