PREVALENCE AND ANTIBIOGRAM OF Salmonella species, Staphylococcus aureus AND Shigella Species ISOLATED FROM RETAILED MEAT (BEEF AND CHICKEN) SOLD IN IHIALA TOWN, NIGERIA

CHINYERE CONSTANCE EZEMBA *

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

VICTOR O. ETIKUDIKE

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

OSUALA OLUCHI

Madonna University Elele, Rivers State, Nigeria.

MMADUEKWE JANEFRANCES AMAKA

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

MICHAEL SAMUEL CHIKELUE

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

OBIANAIZU ONYEDIKA

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

NWACHUKWU MMESOMA

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

OSONWA CHIDERA

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

PETER CHINELO

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

OKONKWO EBUBE

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

ACHUGAMONYE CHIOMA

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

OJUKWU CHIDUBEM

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

OKONKWO CHINECHEREM

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

IHEKWUABA ONYINYECHI

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

NWAJIOBI CHINAZA

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

CHIKE JOY

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

UDEGU SCHOLASTICA

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

IZUCHUKWU CHIDIEBERE

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

NWABUEZE ERASMUS

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

ONYEJIAKU FLORENCE

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

EGBUNIKE EMMANUEL

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

NWAKOZOR CHISOM

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

CHUKELU CHISOM

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

MMUOH CHIDERA

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

NZEDIGWE IKECHUKWU

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

EZEMBA ARINZE S.

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

UMENNADI PATIENCE O.

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

UDOYE IFUNANYA W.

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The prevalence of some pathogenic bacteria in retailed meats is becoming a major challenge to human health. The main factor contributing to the contamination of retailed meats, especially in Africa, is poor hygienic practices amongst meat vendors. Poor personal hygiene amongst food handlers coupled with the improper handling of meat could result in its contamination. This study reviewed the prevalence and antibiogram of Salmonella species, Staphylococcus aureus and Shigella species isolated from retailed meats sold in Ihiala town. 50 raw meat samples (25 beef and 25 chicken) were used, they were homogenized in a buffer and inoculated in two selective media (SSA and MSA). The bacterial isolates were further identified after various biochemical tests. It was observed that Staphylococcus aureus occurred more (45.3%) in the samples used, also the beef samples were seen to contain more microorganisms than the chicken samples. After the Antibiotics susceptibility test, it was discovered that Staphylococcus aureus, Shigella species and Salmonella species were resistant to some antibiotics. It is therefore expedient that meat vendors take caution when handling meats, so as to prevent meats from being contaminated with these drug resistant bacteria, thereby preventing health challenges.

Keywords: Salmonella species, Staphylococcus aureus, Shigella species, retailed meat


How to Cite

EZEMBA, C. C., ETIKUDIKE, V. O., OLUCHI, O., AMAKA, M. J., CHIKELUE, M. S., ONYEDIKA, O., MMESOMA, N., CHIDERA, O., CHINELO, P., EBUBE, O., CHIOMA, A., CHIDUBEM, O., CHINECHEREM, O., ONYINYECHI, I., CHINAZA, N., JOY, C., SCHOLASTICA, U., CHIDIEBERE, I., ERASMUS, N., FLORENCE, O., EMMANUEL, E., CHISOM, N., CHISOM, C., CHIDERA, M., IKECHUKWU, N., ARINZE S., E., PATIENCE O., U., & W., U. I. (2022). PREVALENCE AND ANTIBIOGRAM OF Salmonella species, Staphylococcus aureus AND Shigella Species ISOLATED FROM RETAILED MEAT (BEEF AND CHICKEN) SOLD IN IHIALA TOWN, NIGERIA. Journal of International Research in Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 17(3), 6–12. https://doi.org/10.56557/jirmeps/2022/v17i37966

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