Study of the Effect of Smoking on Glycemic Status: A Clinical Study on Indian Sub-population

Pawan Bhardwaj

Department of General Medicine, J.L.N. Medical College and Associated Group of Hospitals, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India.

Narendra Kumar Sharma *

Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Banasthali Vidyapith, Banasthali Tonk 304022, Rajasthan, India.

Tikam Chand Dakal

Department of Biotechnology, Mohanlal Sukhadia University, Udaipur, 313001, Rajasthan, India.

Rajesh Jain

Department of General Medicine, J.L.N. Medical College and Associated Group of Hospitals, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Smoking has been known to be a major risk factor for diabetes in several clinical studies. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of smoking cessation on glycemic status during diabetic treatment regimes. The study was carried out on 200 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 30 healthy controls. Fasting blood sugar, HbA1C estimation and lipid profiling were examined. A significant (p < 0.001) difference between 1st day and after 6 months of HbA1C value was observed in smoking cessation individuals. This study indicated the effect of short term cessation of smoking in diabetics also increase BMI and disturbs glycemic control. Tight glycemic control is recommended so that long term effects of smoking can be prevented.

Keywords: Smoking, diabetes, cessations, glycemic status, HbA1C


How to Cite

Bhardwaj, P., Sharma, N. K., Dakal, T. C., & Jain, R. (2023). Study of the Effect of Smoking on Glycemic Status: A Clinical Study on Indian Sub-population. Journal of International Research in Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 18(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.56557/jirmeps/2023/v18i18027

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