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Garlic (Allium sativum) is an annual plant which is certified not only as a spice but also the stuff which is used as a traditional medicine for many infectious diseases and has pesticidal properties and nowadays utilized for agricultural pesticide management. It is a natural product known to hinder the growth of fungi, virus, micro-organisms, bacteria present on crops or plants in agriculture fields.
In this review article we want to focus on the dynamic nature of aqueous bulb extract of garlic which obstruct the variety of species of fungus growth on crops. The spore germination and mycelia phase growth is inhibited as it consists of active compounds of amino acids like allicin and ajoene (organosulphur compound). Aqueous bulb extract of garlic works as an antifungal, antiviral, antimicrobial, antibacterial agents and is also used as a seed therapy (seed - borne diseases). Extract is against order of plant pathogens and its role in plant defense mechanism is also very favorable for environment and is eco-friendly because of its antifungal activity.
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