Design Analysis of a Pneumatic Vehicle

B. U. Okonkwo *

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria.

M. C. Osuagwu

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria.

C. C. Chiabuotu

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria.

K. C. Aladum

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The Design Analysis of a Pneumatic Vehicle aims to investigate and evaluate the performance and efficiency of a three-wheeled vehicle powered by pneumatic technology. The vehicle utilizes two cylinder tanks for air storage and employs a pneumatic cylinder with specific dimensions of 50mm bore, 20mm rod, and 138mm stroke. The primary objective of this project is to comprehensively analyse the design aspects of the pneumatic vehicle and assess its potential applications and benefits. This research involves a detailed examination of the vehicle’s overall design, including its structural components, pneumatic system, and power transmission mechanisms. The performance of the vehicle, such as speed, acceleration, and manoeuvrability is assessed through practical experiments. It is being constructed with light material, simple way of working, low manufacturing and maintenance cost, it does not produce exhaust emission. The outcome contributes valuable insights into the potential applications of pneumatic vehicles, particularly those with three-wheel configurations. By evaluating the design and performance of the vehicle, the research shed light on the feasibility and advantages of adopting pneumatic technology in transportation systems. The research findings also provide useful guidelines for further improvements and optimization of the pneumatic vehicle design. Review of the availability and the impact of the fossil fuels and the cost increment in the present and future generation led us to construct a vehicle, which runs on air, as a renewable energy source. This report is a detailed description of the design, construction, working and testing of the pneumatic vehicle. In this report, operating pressure of 0.5Mpa is used, force produced by cylinder is 1864.6N, vehicle torque 93.23N-m and efficiency of the vehicle is 78%. This research also aims to explore potential applications of the pneumatic vehicle in various domains, including urban transportation, delivery services, and short-distance commuting. The reduced carbon footprint and environmental benefits associated with pneumatic vehicles make them an attractive option for sustainable transportation solutions. In conclusion, the Design Analysis of a Pneumatic Vehicle seeks to evaluate the design, performance, and efficiency of a three-wheeled vehicle powered by pneumatic technology. Through comprehensive analysis and experimentation.

Keywords: Compressed air, air-powered vehicles, pneumatic vehicles, environmental pollution, alternative energies

How to Cite

Okonkwo , B. U., Osuagwu , M. C., Chiabuotu , C. C., & Aladum , K. C. (2023). Design Analysis of a Pneumatic Vehicle. Journal of Basic and Applied Research International, 29(2), 1–15.


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