Design Analysis of a Pneumatic Vehicle

B. U. Okonkwo *

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria.

M. C. Osuagwu

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria.

C. C. Chiabuotu

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria.

K. C. Aladum

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The Design Analysis of a Pneumatic Vehicle aims to investigate and evaluate the performance and efficiency of a three-wheeled vehicle powered by pneumatic technology. The vehicle utilizes two cylinder tanks for air storage and employs a pneumatic cylinder with specific dimensions of 50mm bore, 20mm rod, and 138mm stroke. The primary objective of this project is to comprehensively analyse the design aspects of the pneumatic vehicle and assess its potential applications and benefits. This research involves a detailed examination of the vehicle’s overall design, including its structural components, pneumatic system, and power transmission mechanisms. The performance of the vehicle, such as speed, acceleration, and manoeuvrability is assessed through practical experiments. It is being constructed with light material, simple way of working, low manufacturing and maintenance cost, it does not produce exhaust emission. The outcome contributes valuable insights into the potential applications of pneumatic vehicles, particularly those with three-wheel configurations. By evaluating the design and performance of the vehicle, the research shed light on the feasibility and advantages of adopting pneumatic technology in transportation systems. The research findings also provide useful guidelines for further improvements and optimization of the pneumatic vehicle design. Review of the availability and the impact of the fossil fuels and the cost increment in the present and future generation led us to construct a vehicle, which runs on air, as a renewable energy source. This report is a detailed description of the design, construction, working and testing of the pneumatic vehicle. In this report, operating pressure of 0.5Mpa is used, force produced by cylinder is 1864.6N, vehicle torque 93.23N-m and efficiency of the vehicle is 78%. This research also aims to explore potential applications of the pneumatic vehicle in various domains, including urban transportation, delivery services, and short-distance commuting. The reduced carbon footprint and environmental benefits associated with pneumatic vehicles make them an attractive option for sustainable transportation solutions. In conclusion, the Design Analysis of a Pneumatic Vehicle seeks to evaluate the design, performance, and efficiency of a three-wheeled vehicle powered by pneumatic technology. Through comprehensive analysis and experimentation.

Keywords: Compressed air, air-powered vehicles, pneumatic vehicles, environmental pollution, alternative energies


How to Cite

Okonkwo , B. U., Osuagwu , M. C., Chiabuotu , C. C., & Aladum , K. C. (2023). Design Analysis of a Pneumatic Vehicle. Journal of Basic and Applied Research International, 29(2), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.56557/jobari/2023/v29i28250

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Singh V. Compressed air engine. Int J Sci Res Publ, ISSN: 2250-3153. 2017;7(7).

Ahire D, Patil S, Kale V, Pandhare AP. Review on study of experimental investigation on the performance of zero pollution air powered engine. International Conference on Ideas, Impact and Innovation in Mechanical Engineering (ICCIIIME). 2017;5(6):307-11.

Available: https://doi.org/https://ijritcc.org/download/conferences/ICIIIME_2 017/ICIIIME_ 2017_ Track/1497426985_14-06-2017.pdf

Sengupta D. Tata Motors to roll out car that runs on compressed air instead of fuel. The Economic Times; 2008.

Available:https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/Now_cars_that_run_on_air_and_not_on_fuel/articleshow/2889077.cms

More AD. Air powered vehicle. Int Res J Eng Technol (IRJET). 2021;08(09).

Verma SS. Air powered vehicles. Open Fuels Energy Sci J. 2008;1(1):54-56.

Available://benthamopen.com/contents/pdf/TOEFJ/TOE FJ-1-54.pdf

Singh BR, Singh O. Compressed air energy storage system based engine for running light vehicle. Int J Energy Environ Eng, ISSN: 2008-9163;2:33- 44.

Pathak S, Swetha K, Sreedhar V, Prabhakar VS. Compressed air vehicle: a review. Int J Mech Prod Eng. 2014; 2(4):2320-092.

Singh BR, Singh O. Study of compressed air as an alternative to fossil fuel for automobile engines. Publisher Ltd, India. 2006;11.

Available: https://doi.org/http://www. Available:http://brsinghindia.com/seminar/casseee2006-067.pdf.

Verma S. Latest developments of a compressed air vehicle. A Status Report, Global Journal of Researchers in Engineering Automotive. Engineering. 2013;13(1).

Available:globaljournals.org/GJRE_Volume13/2- Latest-Developments-of-a-Compressed-Air.pdf

Creutzig F, Papson A, Schipper L, Kammen DM. Economic and environmental evaluation of compressed-air cars. Environ Res Lett. 2009;4(4).

Ravi D. Fabrication of compressed air engine. Middle East J Sci Res;20(9):1075-7.

Warad SS, Swami SR, Reshame AV, Hadapad RA, Mahajan VV, Bhosale SD. Design and development of a pneumatic car. Int J New Technol Res. 2019;5(4): 56-8.

Keste AA, Vise SB, Adik AN, Borase Pr. Vehicle operating on compressed air by inversion of slider crank mechanism. IOSR JMCE, ISSN: 2278-1684:50-4.

Anand A, Verma S. Air driven engines. Journal of Critical Reviews. 2020;9.

Lukasz S, Jaroslaw M. Dynamic analysis of compressed air energy storage in the car. J Power Technol. 2011;91(1):23-36.

Kumar R, Rahul, Anand MG. Simulation and construction of single-stage reciprocating pneumatic transmission system engine. Int J Sci Res Publ. 2012; 2(7):1-6.

Addala A, Gangada S. Fabrication and testing of compressed air car. Glob J Res Eng Mech Mech Eng, ISSN: 0975-5861. 2013;13(1).

Tandan GK, Sahu G, Sen PK, Sharma R, Bohidar S. A review paper on study and development of compressed air engine and their power Souurce. Int J Sci Eng Technol Res (IJSETR). 2015;4(11).

Papson A, Creutzig F, Schipper L. Compressed air vehicles: Drive-cycle analysis of vehicle performance environmental impacts and economic costs. Transp Res Rec. 2010;2191(1): 67-74.

Pathak S, Swetha K, Sreedhar V, Prabhakar VSV. Compressed air vehicle, 4th IRF International Conference, Chennai; 2014.