EVALUATION STUDIES OF ORANGES VARIANTS (Citrus sinensis (L) Obsbeck) IN THREE LOCATIONS IN MOROCCO

Main Article Content

YACOUBI RAJAE
HANDAJI NAJAT
IBRIZ MOHAMED
BENYAHIA HAMID
DOUAIK AHMED
ADERDOUR TARIK
ENNACIRI HANAE
BENAOUDA HASSAN

Abstract

Sweet oranges (Citrus sinensis) occupies a prominent position in the citrus sector in the world.  The objective of this study was to determine the extent of genotype × environment (G×E) interaction that influences oranges fruit quality. The experiments were conducted in three location namely: El Menzeh, SidiAllal Tazi, and Sept Garden. 20 orange variants from apomictic seedlings of three varieties of orange (Sangunilli, Grosse Sanguine, Salustiana) were evaluated for fruit quality. The results revealed that there were significant differences (P < 0.05) among locations. For the first variants group of Sanguinilli, no significant  difference  were  found  among  the genotypes  for  the  all  characters  studied  at  the  three locations. While, there was significant difference among genotypes between the environment. Genotypes   x   environment   interaction   also   did   not showed significant effects for the variables except of average fruit weight. In Grosse Sanguine variants, no significant difference between genotypes for all studied traits. Also, interaction (GXS) is not significant. But, Sites reveal significant difference. For Salustiana variants, no significant difference between genotypes for all studied traits. These results have shown an environmental effect on the variability of fruit quality. The majority of quality characters are relatively stable in Tazi and Menzeh than in Sept Garden. The study of the genotypes selected based on the parameters studied indicates the existence of a great diversity of response to the three environments complicated by the interactions of the genotypes with the environment.

Keywords:
Citrus, oranges, genotype-environment interaction, quality traits.

Article Details

How to Cite
RAJAE, Y., NAJAT, H., MOHAMED, I., HAMID, B., AHMED, D., TARIK, A., HANAE, E., & HASSAN, B. (2020). EVALUATION STUDIES OF ORANGES VARIANTS (Citrus sinensis (L) Obsbeck) IN THREE LOCATIONS IN MOROCCO. PLANT CELL BIOTECHNOLOGY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, 21(7-8), 62-70. Retrieved from https://ikprress.org/index.php/PCBMB/article/view/4990
Section
Original Research Article

References

Liu FuWen, Liang Yinchih, Wang Yeeding. A simple method of spot-picking for higher quality ‘Ponkon’ mandarins by selecting locations of the tree. Journal of the Taiwan Society for Horicultural Science. 2012;58(1):11-18.
Available:http://maroc-citrus.com

Jesús Aular, María Casares, William Natale. Factors affecting citrus fruit quality: Emphasis on mineral nutrition, Científica, Jaboticabal. 2017;45(1):64- 72.
[ISSN: 1984-5529]

Zekri M. Factors affecting citrus production and quality. Citrus Industry; 2011.
Available:http://www.crec.ifas.ufl.edu/extension/trade_journals/2011/2011_dec_factors_citrus.pdf

Yan W, Hunt DE. Biplot analysis of host-by-pathogen interaction. Plant Dis. 2002;86:1396-1401.

Smith SM, Fulton DC, Chia T, Thorneycroft D, Chapple A, Dunstan H, Hylton C, Zeeman SC, Smith AM. Diurnal changes in the transcriptome encoding enzymes of starch metabolism provide evidence for both transcriptional and post‐transcriptional regulation of starch metabolism in Arabidopsis leaves. Plant Physiology. 2004;136:2687– 2699.

Davies FS, Albrigo LG. Citrus. Wallingford: CABI. 1994;254.

Nicolosi E, Deng ZNA, Gentile, La Malfa S, Continella G, Tribulato E. Citrusphy-logeny and genetic origin of species have significant Investigated by molecular markers. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 2000;100:1155-1166.

Hodgson RW. Horticultural varieties of citrus. In: Reuther W, Webber HJ and Batchelor LD (eds) The Citrus Industry. University of California, Berkeley. 1967;I:431-589.

Barrett HC, Rhodes AM. A numerical taxonomic study of affinity relationships in cultivated citrus and its close relatives. Systematic Botany. 1976;1(2):105.
DOI: 10.2307/2418763

Nicotra A. Mandarin-like hybrids of recent interest for fresh consumption. Problems and ways of control, FAO, Rome (Italy). Commodities and Trade Div. eng China/FAO Citrus Symposium. 2001;15-24.

Papadakis IE, Protopapadakis EE, Therios IN. Yield and fruit quality of two late- maturing Valencia orange tree varieties as affected by harvest date. Fruits (Paris). 2008;63(6):327-334.

Handaji N, AitHaddou M, Ben Azouz A, Kabbage T, Sraïri I, Arsalane N, Ben Yahia H, Essagide A, Gaboun F. Characterization and behavior 35 citrus variants in the Souss Massa region. Al Awamia. 2007;121-122:110-134.

Handaji N, Benyahia H, Arsalan N. Ben Azouz A, Gaboun F. pomological and organoleptic evaluation of 34 variants of orange (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck) from apomictic seedlings in test Gharb region. Review of the Moroccan agricultural research. Al Awamia. 2013;127:47-70.

Yacoubi R, Handaji N, Arsalane N, Benyahia H, Ibriz M. Utilisation des caracteres biochimiques, agronomiques et morphologiques pour l’evaluation de la diversite genetique des variants d’orangers dans la region du gharb, Maroc, European Scientific Journal. 2018 ;14(9):127-142.
[ISSN: 1857 – 7881 (Print)]
[e - ISSN 1857- 7431]
Available:http://www.ormvag.ma
Available:https://www.inra.org.ma/

El Masdadi S, Rachidi Y. Amélioration Génétique et évaluation qualitative de variétés d’agrumes à la station se Recherche d’El Menzeh, Mémoire de 3ème Cycle, Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire, Hassan II, Maroc; 2006.

Yacoubi R, Handaji N, Ibriz M, Aderdour T, Ennacir H, Hmimidi A, Label K, Benyahia H. Study of genetic variability, heritability and repeatability for fruit quality characters in Citrus sinensis, Plant Cell Biotechnology and Molecular Biology. 2019;20(19-20):860-868.

Bouziani Yamna, Benmoussa Mabrouk. Impact de l'interaction génotype-environnement sur le rendement et ses composantes d'une gamme variétale de blé tendre (Triticum eastivum em thell). Revue Agrobiologia. 2015;7:51-56.

Barry GH, Davies FS, Castle WS. Soluble solids in ‘Valencia’ sweet organge as related to rootstock selection and fruit size. J. Am. Soc. Horti. Sci. 2004;594:598- 598.

Cameron JW, Cole DJR, Nauer EM. Fruit size in relation to seed number in the Valencia orange and some other citrus varieties. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci . 1960;76:170-180.

Wutsher HK, Bowman KD. Performance of ‘Valencia’ Orange on 21 rootstocks in Central Florida. Hortscience. 1999;34(4):622-624.

Zub-Prudhomme HW, Arnaud Gauffreteau, Jean-Michel Gravoueille, Aurousseau F. Analyser, interpréter et prédire le comportement des variétés de pommes de terre à travers l’étude des interactionsgénotype x environnement x conduite. Innovations Agronomiques, INRA. 2016;50:69-85.
[hal-01652903, Revue Agrobiologia]

Benseddik B. L'efficience de l'eau en zone semi-aride. Une approche simple pour l'optimisation du rendement et une meilleure gestion de l'eau; Options Méditerranéennes, Zaragoza (ESP). 2000; 585.

Khefifi H, Tadeo FR, Selmane R, Ben Mimoun M, Morillon R, Luro F. Effect of environment on citrus fruit abscission and maturation. Acta Horticulturae. 2016;1119: 59-64.

Abobatta WF. Potential impacts of global climate change on citrus cultivation. MOJ Eco Environ Sci. Horticulture Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Egypt. 2019;4(6):308‒312.

Chelong I, Sdoodee S. Effect of climate variability and degree-day on development, yield and quality of Shogun (Citrus reticulata Blanco) in southern Thailand. Kasetsart J. Nat. Sci. 2013;47: 333–341.

El-Otmani M, Ait-Oubahou A, Zacarias L. Citrus spp.: Orange, mandarin, tangerine, clementine; 2011.