ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF Maranta arundinacea MEDIATED ZINC OXIDE NANOPARTICLES

Main Article Content

RAJASRI PRADEEP
S. RAJESHKUMAR
T. LAKSHMI
A. LAKSHMI NARAYANAN

Abstract

Background: Synthesis of nanoparticles using plants like arrow roots in today’s era is considered an eco friendly technology as no toxins or chemicals are involved. Zinc is a natural element with various functions to maintain the structure and general function of macromolecules. It facilitates enzymes that help in regulating cellular process and cellular pathways. Zinc oxide nanoparticles prepared from Arrow root have numerous applications in biomedical industries.This synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles is carried out by a standard green synthesis procedure. Zinc nanoparticles have an effect on cell viability, antioxidant activity as already mentioned, destruction of environmental pollutants. It is also said to be a safe form of nanoparticle and as obtained by other studies, it acts as a natural human skin barrier. Maranta arundinacea ( family: Marantaceae) also known as arrowroot is a perennial plant with enormous medicinal properties .It is used to treat complications like diarrhoea, vomiting, indigestion and even urinary tract infections and also used as a baby food.

Aim: To observe the anti inflammatory activity of Maranta arundinacea mediated zinc oxide nanoparticles.

Materials and Methods: Preparation of zinc oxide nanoparticles using arrowroot and evaluation of anti-inflammatory activity.

Results: According to the graph obtained, arrowroot muted Zinc oxidants show significant antiinflammatory activity.

Conclusion: Since the anti inflammatory activity of Arrow root is significant, it can be used as a better drug of choice.

Keywords:
Zinc oxide nanoparticles, arrowroot, anti-inflammatory activity.

Article Details

How to Cite
PRADEEP, R., RAJESHKUMAR, S., LAKSHMI, T., & NARAYANAN, A. L. (2020). ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF Maranta arundinacea MEDIATED ZINC OXIDE NANOPARTICLES. PLANT CELL BIOTECHNOLOGY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, 21(59-60), 37-41. Retrieved from https://ikprress.org/index.php/PCBMB/article/view/5625
Section
Original Research Article

References

Bharathi D, Vasantharaj S, Bhuvaneshwari V. Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Cordia dichotoma fruit extract and its enhanced antibacterial, anti-biofilm and photo catalytic activity. Materials Research Express. 2018;5:055404.

AMKMS S, Aparna Mani K M Seethalakshmi. Evaluation of In-vitro Anti-inflammatory activity of silver nanoparticles synthesised using piper nigrum extract. Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology. 2015;06. DOI: 10.4172/2157-7439.1000268

Vairavel M, Devaraj E, Shanmugam R. An eco-friendly synthesis of Enterococcus sp.–mediated gold nanoparticle induces cytotoxicity in human colorectal cancer cells. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2020;27:8166–8175.

Ponnanikajamideen M, Rajeshkumar S, Vanaja M, et al. In vivo Type 2 diabetes and wound-healing effects of antioxidant gold nanoparticles synthesized using the insulin plant Chamaecostus cuspidatus in albino rats. Canadian Journal of Diabetes. 2019;43:82–89.e6.

Kumar PPNV, Vijay PP, Shameem U, et al. Green synthesis of copper oxide nanoparticles using Aloe vera leaf extract and its antibacterial activity against fish bacterial pathogens. BioNanoScience. 2015;5:135–139.

Rajeshkumar S, Naik P. Synthesis and biomedical applications of cerium oxide nanoparticles - A review. Biotechnol Rep (Amst). 2018;17:1–5.

Menon S, SR, SVK. A review on biogenic synthesis of gold nanoparticles, characterization, and its applications. Resource-Efficient Technologies. 2017;3: 516–527.

Santhoshkumar J, Rajeshkumar S, Venkat Kumar S. Phyto-assisted synthesis, characterization and applications of gold nanoparticles - A review. Biochem Biophys Rep. 2017;11:46–57.

Menon S, Ks SD, Santhiya R, et al. Selenium nanoparticles: A potent chemotherapeutic agent and an elucidation of its mechanism. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces. 2018;170:280–292.

Agarwal H, Menon S, Venkat Kumar S, et al. Mechanistic study on antibacterial action of zinc oxide nanoparticles synthesized using green route. Chemico-Biological Interactions. 2018;286:60–70.

V NRNR, Narasinga Rao V Narasinga Rao, Dept. of Biochemistry, et al. Biochemical and phytochemical analysis of the medicinal plant, Kaempferia Galanga rhizome extracts. International Journal of Scientific Research. 2012;3:18–20.

Rodrigues LBO, Veloso CM, Bonomo RCF, et al. Rheological and textural studies of arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea) starch–sucrose–whey protein concentrate gels. Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2018;55:2974–2984.

Rajeshkumar S, Bharath LV. Mechanism of plant-mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles - A review on biomolecules involved, characterisation and antibacterial activity. Chem Biol Interact. 2017;273: 219–227.

Agarwal H, Venkat Kumar S, Rajeshkumar S. A review on green synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles – An eco-friendly approach. Resource-Efficient Technologies. 2017;3:406–413.

Reda M, Ashames A, Edis Z, et al. Green synthesis of potent antimicrobial silver nanoparticles using different plant extracts and their mixtures. Processes. 2019;7:510.

Rajeshkumar S, Kumar SV, Ramaiah A, et al. Biosynthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles using Mangifera indica leaves and evaluation of their antioxidant and cytotoxic properties in lung cancer (A549) cells. Enzyme Microb Technol. 2018;117: 91–95.

Sujatha J, Asokan S, Rajeshkumar S. Antidermatophytic activity of green synthesised zinc oxide nanoparticles using Cassia alata leaves. Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Food Sciences. 2018;7:348–352.

Santhoshkumar J, Venkat Kumar S, Rajeshkumar S. Synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles using plant leaf extract against urinary tract infection pathogen. Resource-Efficient Technologies. 2017;3: 459–465.

Ghareib M, Tahon MA, Abdallah WE, et al. Free radical scavenging activity of zinc oxide nanoparticles biosynthesised using Aspergillus carneus. Micro & Nano Letters. 2019;14:1157–1162.

Rupa EJ, Anandapadmanaban G, Mathiyalagan R, et al. Synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles from immature fruits of Rubus coreanus and its catalytic activity for degradation of industrial dye. Optik. 2018; 172:1179–1186.