Main Article Content
Spring rapeseed is currently the leading oilseed crop in the Udmurt Republic (Russia). In the last century, it was cultivated in the republic as green manure, a fodder crop. The purpose of the work is a comparative analysis of data on the possibilities, state, and prospects of cultivation of spring rapeseed in the Udmurt Republic. Calculations of the level of predicted seed yields, based on the principles of programming, showed that the conditions of the region corresponded to the biological requirements of the crop. The appearance of photosynthetically active radiation makes it possible to form a seed yield of 3.92 t/ha. Climatically secured seed yield, according to calculations, amounts to 91% of the potential yield by photosynthetically active radiation, equaling 3.57 t/ha. The moisture supply of the growing season contributes to obtaining the seed yield at the level of 2.0 t/ha, and thermal resources (according to the hydrothermal index) allow obtaining a yield of 3.77 t/ha. According to the analysis of statistical data, for 1999–2019, in 22 out of 25 administrative districts of the republic, spring rapeseed was cultivated with a change in the sown area from 2 to 1,918 ha, and yield changed from 0.05 to 1.52 t/ha. Among the currently cultivated oilseeds in the Udmurt Republic (spring and winter rapeseed, mustard, crown flax, sunflower), spring rapeseed occupies larger sown areas. The persisting relatively high cost of rapeseed on the market (20,000 rubles per ton and more) shows that the crop is promising.
Selskokhozyaistvennye rynki Rossii: Analiticheskii obzor I kvartal. [Agricultural markets in Russia: An analytical review of the first quarter of 2018]; 2018. Retrieved from:
Nurlygayanov RB, Rakhimova GM, Karoma IA. Retrospektivnyi analiz i sovremennoe sostoyanie pro-izvodstva yarovogo rapsa v Rossii [Retrospective analysis and current state of the production of spring rapeseed in Russia]. Integratsiya nauki i praktiki dlya razvitiya ag-ropromyshlennogo kompleksa :materialy 2-oi Natsionalnoi nauch.-prakt. konf [Integration of science and practice for the development of the agro-industrial complex: materials of the 2nd National research and practice conference]. Tyumen; 2019.
Shpaar D, Makovski N, Zakharenko V, Postnikov A. Raps [Rapeseed]. Minsk: FUAinform; 1999.
Vorobeva SL, Abasheva OV, Kislyakova EM, Berezkina Yu G, Kokonov SI. Analysis of potential and elaboration of state regulation measures to improve the efficiency of beekeeping (a case study of the Udmurt Republic). Revista Inclusiones. 2020;7(S2-1):88-98.
Kislyakova E, Berezkina G, Vorobyeva S, Kokonov S, Strelkov I. Influence of using seeds of flax and raps in cow rates on the quality of milk and dairy products. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science. 2019;25(1):129–133.
Mostofa UH, Nazrul I, Monjurul K, Noor HM. Performance of rapeseed and mustard (Brassica sp.) varieties. Agricultural Research & Technology. 2016;1(5):1- 6.
Raps: ploshchadi, Sbory I Urozhainost V 2001-2019 gg. [Rapeseed: area, harvest and yield in 2001-2019].
Savenkov VP. Otzyvchivost yarovogo rapsa na mineralnye udobreniya v usloviyakh lesostepi Tsentralnogo Chernozemya [The responsiveness of spring rapeseed to mineral fertilizers in the forest-steppe of the Central Chernozem region]. Agrokhimiya. 2010;2:14–20.
Vafina EF, Fatykhov I. Sh. Reaktsiya sortov yarovogo rapsa na abioticheskie usloviya v Srednem Predurale formirovaniem urozhainosti [The reaction of spring rapeseed varieties to abiotic conditions in the Middle Urals by the formation of yield]. Vestnik Bashkirskogo Gosudarstvennogo Agrarnogo Universiteta. 2018;2(46):25–31.
Gringof IG. Spravochnik agronoma po selskokhozyaistvennoi meteorologii. Necherno-zemnaya zona Evropeiskoi chasti RSFSR [An agronomist's handbook of agricul-tural meteorology. Non-chernozem zone of the European part of the RSFSR]. Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat; 1986.
Mikhailov AN. Agroklimaticheskii spravochnik po Udmurtskoi ASSR [Agroclimatic refer-ence book on the Udmurt ASSR]. Verkh.-Volzh. upr. gidrometeorol. sluzhby, Gork. gidrometeorol. observatoriya [Upper Volga department of the hydrometeorological service. Gorky hydrometeorological ob-servatory]. Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat; 1961.
Posevnye ploshchadi, valovye sbory i urozhainost selskokhozyaistvennykh kultur v 2010 godu po Udmurtskoi Respublike [Sown areas, gross harvests and crop yields in 2010 in the Udmurt Republic]: stat. sb. (No. 87 po katalogu) [a statistical compilation (No. 87 in the catalogue)]. Territorial body of the Federal state statistics service for the Udmurt Republic. Izhevsk: Udmurtstat; 2010.
Shatilov IS, Chudnovskii AF. Agrofizicheskie, agrometeorologicheskie i agrotekhnicheskie osnovy programmirovaniya urozhaya [Agrophysical, agrometeorological and agrotechnical foundations of crop programming]. Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat; 1980.
Vafina EF, Fatykhov ISh. Vliyanie predposevnoi obrabotki semyan insektitsidom i sroka poseva na vynos elementov pitaniya yarovym rapsom (Brassica napus L [Influence of pre-sowing treatment of seeds with an insecticide and the time of sowing on the removal of nutrients from spring rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) in the conditions of the Middle Urals]. Problemy Agrokhimii i Ekologii. 2018;3:41–44.
Vafina EF. Energeticheskaya i ekonomicheskaya otsenka tekhnologii vozdelyvaniya yarovogo rapsa na semena [Energy and economic assessment of the technology of cultivation of spring rapeseed for seeds]. Integratsionnye vzaimodeistviya molodykh uchenykh v razvitii agrarnoi nauki: materialy Natsionalnoi nauch.-prakt. konf. molodykh uchenykh [Integration Interactions of Young Scientists in the Development of Agricultural Science: Materials of the National Research Apnd Practice Conference for Young Scientists]. Izhevsk; 2020.