Main Article Content
Natural product and standardized plant extract give unlimited opportunities for new drugs. Tridax procumbens L. is one such versatile weeds belonging to family Asteraceae that contain different medicinal values used byethnomedical practitioners. The leaves extract has been scientifically recognized as anticoagulant, analgesic, anticancer, antianemic, antifungal and insect repellent. The aim of the present study was to investigate the qualitative and quantitative analysis of phytochemicals from the leaves of Tridax procumbens L. Their leaves were extracted with various solvent such as methanol, aqueous, chloroform and petroleum ether. The phytochemical analysis was carried out to analyze the presence of alkaloids, terpenoids, tannin, steroids, saponin, phenol, glycosides, flavonoids, carbohydrates, anthraquinones. The phytochemicals screening suggested that the presence of tannins in methanol and chloroform solvent, alkaloids in petroleum ether and methanol,terpenoids in aqueous, petroleum ether and methanol. Glycoside is found in aqueous and petroleum ether. Saponin was obtained only in petroleum ether. Flavonoids, phenols and carbohydrates are present in aqueous and methanol extract. Steroid was obtained in aqueous while anthraquinone was found absent in all the four extract. Quantitative analysis of the plant extract were analysed by UV spectrophotometer. The presence of various secondary metabolites showed that Tridax procumbens can be successfully used for the various potent and novel drugs for human health care.
Christudas Sunil, Kulathivel TM, Agastian P. Phytochemical and antibacterial studies of leaves of Tridax procumbens L. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine. 2012;S159-S161.
Krishnaswamy, VeenaGayathri, Christina. Antibacterial activity of different parts of Tridax procumbens against human pathogen. International Journal of Current Research and Academic Review. 2015;3(6):211-218.
Dr Singh, Pooja, Dr Jain, kirti, Dr khare, Swati, Dr Shrivastav, Padma. Evaluation of phytochemical and antioxident activity of Tridax procumbens extract. UK Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biosciences. 2017;5(6):41-47.
Sathyabama S, Jayasurya Kingsley S, Sankaranarayanan S, Bama P. Antibacterial activity of different phytochemical extracts from the leaves of T. procumbens Linn.- identification and mode of action of the terpenoid compound as antibacterial. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2012;4 (1):557-564.
Harbone J. Method of extraction and isolation In: Phytochemical Method, Chapman and Hall, London. 1998;60- 66.
Priyadarshini DS, IyerPriya. Tridax procumbens : A source for antimicrobial activity. International Journal of Ayurvedic and Herbal Medicine. 2013;3(5):1373-1383.
Muthusamy Razia, Vasu Karthiga, Kanagaraj Lavanya, Ponnampallam Deboral, Wilson Bernala. Phytochemical screening and antibacterial activity of methanol extract of Tridax procumbens. International Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Science. 2013;3(1):521-524.
Rizvi, Syed Mohd. Danish, ZeeshanMohd Khan, Salman Biswas, Deboshree Al-Sagair, Othman A, Arif, Jamal M. Evaluation and distribution of potential in the aerial parts of wild Tridax procumbens . Journal of Chemical and PharmaceuticalResearch. 2011;3(2):80-87.
Kamble VA, Moon AH. Phytochemical analysis and antibacterial activity of active extracts from Tridax procumbens L. Against Selected Pathogen. Indian Journal of Applied Research. 2015;5(2):671-674.
Zillich OV, Weisz U. Schweiggert, Eisner P, Kerscher M. Polyphenols as active ingredients for cosmetic products. Internatinal Journal of Cosmetic Science. 2015;37:455-464.
Madhu M, Sailaja V, Satyadev TNVSS, Satyanarayana MV. Quantitative phytochemical analysis of selected medicinal plant species by using various organic solvents. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2016;5(2):25-29.
Pandey Bedraj, Rajbhandari Meena. Estimation of total phenolic and flavonoid contents in some medicinal plants and their antioxidant activities. Nepal Journal of Science and Technology. 2014;15(1):53-60.
Rujjanawate C, Kanjanapothi D, Panthona A. Pharmacological effect and toxicity of alkaloids from gel SemiumElegansBenth. J. Ethnopharmacol. 2003;89:91-95 (Cross Ref.)
ShamsaFadhil, Monsef, Hamid Reza, GhamooshiRouhollah, Verdian, RiziMohammad Reza. Spectrophotometric determination of total alkaloids in PeganumharmalaL. Using Bromocresol Green. Research Journal of Phytochemistry. 2007;1(2):79-82.
Jaeger, Rolf, Cuny, Eckehard. Terpenoids with special pharmacological significance: A review. Natural Product Communications. 2016;11(9):1373-1390.
Indumathi C, Durgadevi G, Nithyavani S, Gayathri PK. Estimation of terpenoid content and its antimicrobial property in enicostemnalitorrale. International Journal of Chem Tech Research. 2014;6(9):4264-4267.
Thenmozhi K, Saradha M, Manian S, Paulsamy S. In vitro antimicrobial potential of root extracts of the medicinal plant species, Emilia sonchifolia (Linn.) DC. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research. 2013;6(3):149-151.
Shaikh SS. Preliminary phytochemical qualitative and quantitative screening of Tridax procumbens L. International Journal of chemical and physical Scienced. 2018;7(special issue):213-217.
Biradar Sanjay R, Rachetti, Bhagyashri D. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of microorganism Centellaasiatica L. Urb. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy. 2016;6(2):72-76.
Gladis, Raja Malar C, Chellaram C. Phytochemical screening, total flavonoid, total terpenoid and anti inflammatory activity of aqueous stem extract of salaciaoblonga. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2017;10(1):550-556.
Tiwari, Rajkumar, Udayabanu M, ChandaSilpi. Quantitative analysis of secondary metabolites in extract of Clerodendrumserratum. International Research Journal of Pharmacy. 2016; 7(12):61-65.