EFFECT OF BENZYLADENINE, THIDIAZURON AND NANOSILVER ON QUALITY OF Chrysanthemum morifolium cv. ' CRYSTAL SUNNY ' FLOWERING POT PLANTS

Main Article Content

ASMAA H. AHMED
MONA, A. DARWISH
H. M. ELBAGOURY
WEAAM, R. A. SAKR
SOAD A. M. KHENIZY

Abstract

A trial was consummated at Postharvest Lab. of Ornamental plants and Landscape Gardening  Research . Department, Horticulture Research  Institute, ARC, Giza, Egypt during 2018 and 2019 seasons to study effect of spraying Chrysanthemum morifolium var. ' Crystal sunny 'flowering pot plants to runoff a single time different solutions containing distilled water, Benzyladenine (BA)  at 50 , 100 ppm, Thidiazuron (TDZ) at 50, 100 ppm, BA  at 50 ppm + Nano-silver  (N.S) at 0.5 mg/l, BA at 100ppm + N.S at 0.5 mg/l, TDZ  at 50 ppm + N.S at 0.5 mg/l and TDZ 100 ppm + N.S at 0.5 mg/l. Pot plants were stored under two temperatures, room temperature at (20±1 °C) and cold storage at (10°C) for one week.

The effect of the interaction between chemical treatments and storage temperatures on quality was also investigated. Results showed that all treatments significantly stimulated most of the studied characters compared to the control plants. Chrysanthemum pot plants treated with BA  at 50ppm + N.S at 0.5 mg/l/l recorded the highest values of opening flowers  and longevity and the least values of leaves abscission percentage, while treated pot plants with TDZ at 50 ppm gave the least values of opening flowers and longevity. The results of interaction between chemical treatments and storage temperatures showed that spraying chrysanthemum pot plants with BA at 50 ppm + N.S at 0.5 mg/l/and storing them for one week under room condition 20±1 °C  gave the significantly highest records of  opening  flowers,  longevity. The same treatment gave the lowest leaves abscission %, and reduced the depletion of total carbohydrates (%).

Keywords:
Chrysanthemum pot plants, benzyladenine, thidiazuron, nano silver, storage temperatures, longevity, opening flower

Article Details

How to Cite
AHMED, A. H., DARWISH, M. A., ELBAGOURY, H. M., SAKR, W. R. A., & KHENIZY, S. A. M. (2021). EFFECT OF BENZYLADENINE, THIDIAZURON AND NANOSILVER ON QUALITY OF Chrysanthemum morifolium cv. ’ CRYSTAL SUNNY ’ FLOWERING POT PLANTS. PLANT CELL BIOTECHNOLOGY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, 22(71-72), 286-295. Retrieved from https://ikprress.org/index.php/PCBMB/article/view/7285
Section
Original Research Article

References

Joshi M, Verma LR, Masu MM. Performance of different varieties of chrysanthemum in respect of growth, flowering and flower yield under north Gujarat condition. The Asian J. Hort. 2010; 4(2):292-294.

Post K. Year-around chrysanthemum production.‏ Proc Am Soc Hort Sci. 1947;49:417.

Edrisi B. Postharvest physiology of cut flowers. Payam-e-Digar Publication. 2009;150.

Buban T. The use of benzyladenine in orchard fruit growing: a mini review. Plant Growth Regul. 2000;32:381–390.

Hicklenton PR. GA3 and Benzylaminopurine delay leaf yellowing in cut Alstroemeria stems. Hort Science. 1991;26:1198-1199.

Mutui TM, Emongor VE, Hutchinson J. Effect of Accel on the vase life and post harvest quality of Alstroemeria (Alstroemeria aurantiaca L.) cut flowers. African Journal of Science and Technology. 2001;2:82-88.

Suttle JC. Effect of the defoliant thidiazuron on ethylene evolution from mung bean hypocotyls segments. Plant Physiology. 1984;75:902-907.

Uthaichay N, Ketsa S, Van Doorn WG. 1-MCP pretreatment prevents bud and flower abscission in Dendrobium orchids. Postharvest Biol. Tech. 2007;43:374-380.

Bahrehmand S, Razmjoo J, Farahmand H. Effects of nano-silver and sucrose applications on cut flower longevity and quality of tuberose (Polianthus tuberosa). Intl. J. Hort. Sci. and Tech. 2014; 1(1):67-77.

Ferrante A, Trivellini A, Borghesi E, Vernieri P. Chlorophyll a fluorescence as a tool in evaluating the effects of ABA content and ethylene inhibitors on quality of flowering potted Bougainvillea. Sci. World J. 2012;1–11:ID 684747.

Liu J, Ratnayake K, Joyce DC, He S, Zhang Z. Effects of three different nano-silver formulations on cut Acacia holosericea vase life. Postharvest Biology and Technology. 2012;66:8-15.

MSTAT-C Statistical Software. User’s guide: a microcomputer program for the design, management and analysis of agronomic research experiments. Michigan University, East Lansing, MC, USA; 1989.

Waller A, Duncan DB. Multiple ranges and multiple F-tests. Biomet. 1969;11: 1-24.

Dubois M, Smith F, Gilles KA, Hammilton JK, Roberts PA. Colorimetric method to determination of sugars and related substances. Anal. Chem. 1956;28(3):350-356.

Kim HJ, Miller WB. GA4+7 and BA enhances post-production quality in pot tulip. Postharvest Bio. Techno. 2009; 51:272-277.

Clark DG, Kelly JW, Pemberton HB. Postharvest quality characteristics of culticvs of potted rose in response to holding conditions and cytokinins. Hort Science. 1991;26:1195–1197.

Macnish AJ, Leonard RT, Nell TA. Sensitivity of potted foliage plant geno-types to ethylene and methylcyclopropene. Hort Science. 2011;46:1127–1131.

Mishra A, Khare S, Trivedi PK, Nath P. Effect of ethylene, 1-MCP, ABA and IAA on break strength, cellulose and polygalacturonase activities during cotton leaf abscission. South. Afr. J. Bot. 2008;282:6-12.

Sweify GE, Sayed SS, Abd-ElMoniem AM. Response of some foliage pot plants to postharvest treatment. Egypet. J. of Apple. Sci. 2009;24(4B):720-741.

Hatami M, Ghorbanpour M. Effect of nanosilver on physiological performance of pelargonium plants exposed to dark storage. Journal of Horticultural Research. 2013;21(1):15-20.

Gulzar SI, Tahir I, Amin S. Farooq, Sultan SM. Effect of cytokinines on senescence and longevity of isolated flowers of day lily (Hemerocallis fulva ) cv Royal crown sprayed with cylcoheximide. Acta Hort. 2005;669:395-404.

Abd El- Hafz MA. Studies on some pre- and post-harvest treatments on keeping quality of Brassaia actinophylla Harms plants. Ph.D. Thesis, Fac. Agric., Cairo Univ., Egypt; 2006.

Khenizy SAM, Eldeeb EEA, El-Shewaikh YME. Effect of some physiological treatments on areca seedlings. a. Effect of shipping treatments on areca (Dypsis lutescens Wendl) pot plants for export. J. Biol. Chem. Environ. Sci. 2015;10(4):283-296.

Meir S, Salim S, Chernov Z, Philosoph-Hadas S. Quality improvement of cut flowers and potted plants with postharvest treatments based on cv.ious cytokinins and auxins. Acta Hortic. 2007;755: 143–154.

Carrillo-López LM, Morgado-González A, Morgado-González A. Biosynthesized silver nanoparticles used in preservative solutions for Chrysanthemum cv. Puma. Journal of Nanomaterials. 2016;1-10.

Yan Hou J, Miller W, Chang Y. Effects of Simulated Dark Shipping on the Carbohydrate Status and Post-shipping Performance of Phalaenopsis. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 2011;136(5):364–371.

Ferrante A, Mensuali-Sodi A, Serra G. Effect of thidiazuron and gibberellic acid on leaf yellowing of cut stock flowers. Cent. Eur. J. Biol. 2009;4(4):461– 468.

Pinto ACR, Rodrigues TD, Leite IC, Barbosa JC. Growth retardants on development and ornamental quality of potted ‘lilliput’ Zinnia elegans Jacq. Sci. Agric. 2005;62(4):337-345.

Wagstaff C, Chanasut U, Harren FJM, Laarhoven LJ, Thomas B, Rogers HJ, Stead AD. Ethylene and flower longevity in Alstroemeria. relationship between petal senescence, abscission and ethylene biosynthesis. J. Exp. Bot. 2005;56:1007-1016.

Mortazavi SNM, Mohebbi, Sharafi Y. Effects of nano-silver and sucrose on vase life of cut Rose flower (Rosa hybrid cv. royal). Journal of Medicinal Plant Research. 2011;5(28):6455–6459.

Khenizy SAM. Physiological response of Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis buds and flowers to the effect of some treatments during shipment. Middle East J. Agric. Res. 2016;5(1):97-108.

Serek M, Reid M. Use of Growth Regulators for Improving the Postharvest Quality of Ornamentals. Perishables Handling Quarterly. 1997;Issue No. 92: 7-9.

Balibrea LME, Gonzalez GMC, Fatima T, Ehness R. Lee TK, Proels R, Roitsch T. Extracellular invertase is an essential component of cytokinin mediated delay of senescence. Plant Cell. 2004; 16:1276-1287.

Amin OA. Studies on postharvest treatment on some cut foliage plants. Ph.D. Thesis, Fac. Agric. Cairo Univ.; 2006.

Faraji S, Roohangiz N, Ibadli OV, Basaki T, Gasimov SN, Hosseinova S. Effect of post harvesting on biochemical changes in gladiolus cut flowers culticvs. Middle East Journal of Scientific Research. 2011;9(5):572-577.