Main Article Content
The profitability of cotton growing in the world has remained unchanged over the past few years. This lack of change is negatively affected by global climate change, environmental stressors for cotton – excessive rainfall during planting, rising temperatures during flowering, declining soil fertility, an increase in pest and disease groups-and a lack of agrotechnology to address resource shortages . In this regard, it is necessary to take measures to address these problems in the cotton industry, to increase the efficiency of the use of the resources used in cotton growing, and to introduce innovative, resource-saving technologies in the industry.
The mechanization of harvesting is important for saving costs in cotton growing. Based on the current cotton picking technology, cotton is harvested several times in the field by repeated picking. Therefore, manual cotton harvesting is not economically justified - Additionally, the rapid onset of rainy days in the autumn reduces the quality of the product, and the social side of the problem also requires farmers to mechanize the harvesting process in the short term.
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